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Anthony was still in his early twenties when he came down with a chronic back problem. He would spend the next eight years living in pain, wasting away on a regimen of prescribed narcotics and useless surgeries — none of it helped. After so many failed attempts at advanced pain management, he finally decided to give medical cannabis a serious try, and it worked wonders.
Anthony is the pastor at a very large church, and he has no idea how the congregation would react if they knew. What does exactly does it look like to consume cannabis responsibly?
How can we truly get the most out of this herb without abusing it? These videos make cannabis users look like irresponsible, lazy, unfocused burnouts. Sure, they may be good for some cheap laughs, but reinforcing these stereotypes does a lot of harm.
She began her career by searching for an alternative; she wanted another option. Her husband was suffering and the only option he had was to take mounds of prescription medication and endure the included side effects.
One of the countless myths underlying the war on drugs is that people who sell drugs are violent. Cannabis Basics , which is owned and operated entirely by a female staff, just received one of the first trademarks ever for a company that specializes in cannabis and hemp-infused products. Not only is this the first trademark logo issued for a company with "cannabis" in the name, this marks an achievement for women in the highly competitive cannabis industry.
Topicals and products that contact mucus membranes enter the body a bit differently, and when cannabis products contact these areas they will enter the bloodstream. One of the things Sabrina Fendrick noticed was that their clients want to have a comfortable buying experience, that it's not shameful. They want products to be "marketed in a way that doesn't offend them. They want marketing where women are not objectified. Dyke likened it to the tradition to saving a piece of wedding cake in the freezer and sharing it on the first anniversary.
This practice could be a new way to relive the day. Some people recreationally partake in cannabis to free their minds. Cannabis opens rather than restricts the airways. Here's what you need to know: The science on this is very interesting. The drug is made from purified cannabidiol, or CBD, a compound found in the cannabis plant. The drug will be marketed under the brand name Epidiolex. The opponents to State Question are treating Oklahomans as if we are idiots.
Researchers reported that the enactment of both medicalization and adult-use laws were both associated with reductions in opioid prescribing rates, with broader legalization policies associated with the greatest rates of decline. This study showed that a chemical in marijuana, known as cannabinoid cannabidiol CBD , strengthens bones and accelerates the healing of fractures, without causing any psychotropic effects.
Multiple Sclerosis MS is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the myelin sheath that encloses nerves in the brain and spinal column. When this tissue becomes inflamed for long periods of time, it causes irreversible tissue damage that inhibits the ability of the nerves to communicate with the body through the central nervous system. The result of this damage is chronic pain, loss of motor control, fatigue, and muscle spasticity and weakness.
If you haven't already heard, Cannabidiol CBD is a non-psychoactive component of Cannabis that seems to have a wide range of therapeutic benefits. Cannabinoids are found to have particular application as neuroprotectants, for example in limiting neurological damage following stroke and trauma, or in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
Oil produced from a strain of the plant, which doesn't make the children high, appears to be having a dramatic effect on reducing seizures. It's being produced in Colorado, one of the two US states which has legalised cannabis. It will let families out there that have expired all pharmaceutical drugs know that they have another option, a much safer, organic option with no side effects, no permanent damage to liver and kidneys. Gone are the days when the topic of cannabis in skin care was met with apprehension or, even worse, snickering.
Hemp seed oil is processed from the seeds of the hemp plant and it has the reputation of containing many health benefits. Although the oil is produced from the seeds of the Cannabis plant, it does not contain THC, the active ingredient in marijuana.
High Hopes for Alzheimer's There may be hope for the 5. This figure is certain to rise as it is currently the 6th leading cause of death in the United States. While the cause of the disease is unknown, what is known is that inflammation in the brain and beta-amyloid plaque buildup create the problem. Amyloid plaque is a toxic protein and its build up prevents neuron communication. In response, the Collins family took extreme measures—sending Jennifer thousands of miles away in the company of her mother.
An incredible new indoor system that makes growing cannabis at home easier and more elegant than ever. For Oberman, the task was to create a visual identity that eschewed the "rasta, crunchy, hempy, outlaw look" plaguing most marijuana products. Built in a former loading dock, the square-foot space—outfitted with custom steel shelving, exposed brick, a rough-hewn common table, and Tolix stools—is the face of a new lifestyle brand that aims to elevate weed.
The key to throwing an exceptional cannabis event is to cater to your guests' heightened senses. Keep your focus on the overall user experience and you will succeed. Provide visual stimulation, steady background beats, and fill the evening with appropriate scents and tastes to ensure a cohesive, relaxing atmosphere.
Always remember that after consuming cannabis, one's senses of smell and taste are more acute. Leafs By Snoop was announced at a party last night in Denver, Colorado and it was a cause to celebrate. Leafs By Snoop, or LBS, will offer flower, concentrates and edibles and will be sold in Colorado medical and recreational dispensaries. Want to invest in cannabis? Listen and learn from the past and present, as well as current happenings in All around nice guy owner of Marijuanastocks.
There are some amazing ladies in the cannabis industry who are working tirelessly to end prohibition, create top-tier products, advocate for change, spearhead groundbreaking research, and shape the sector for the better. Here are nine fierce females paving the way to greatness.
FunkSac, a Denver-based cannabis packaging company that focuses on producing odor-concealing and child-resistant products, announced that it has received funding from Casa Verde Capital. Furthermore, FunkSac announced that it is partnering with Snoop Dogg, who will be working on programs to promote safety in the use of FunkSac products. The cannabis market is enormous, and there is no one Cannabis User Model to cater to.
Got my invitation to join the private release of Merry Jane today. Been exploring the site and it looks like a lot of fun! Excited to be a part of it! Recreational and medical marijuana sales in Colorado continued to climb in July, breaking new records.
Karson Humiston, founder of Gradujuana , started her company to connect the brightest young minds in the country with the budding cannabis industry. Gradujuana offers recruiting services for established marijuana businesses, pulling from a wide pool of top college students and graduates from around the country. Charlo has also been a proponent of increasing diversity in the legal cannabis industry, which, although it has received attention for the significant number of women entrepreneurs who have populated the space, has primarily been made up of white people.
With three great parties to help attendees unwind and network, a perpetually packed exposition floor, over 70 speakers, and an impressive amount of media coverage, a cannabis entrepreneur or established industry professional could not ask for much more. As a company, even with a handful of team members in attendance, there was no way we could have covered every individual piece of the event. However, we did our best to provide you a recap here.
It ain't easy going green. This weekend there will be many celebrations for Weekend across the country. The media will be broadcasting these images as representations of the legal marijuana industry to the rest of the world and you get to shape that coverage. Police forces all over the country are using a government program to request military grade armored trucks, and other special equipment normally reserved for the armed forces.
The sole reason for requesting such power hardware? The war on drugs; more specifically, marijuana control. This will be the first time in almost 20 years that the UN will seriously review global drug policies, of which marijuana will be a major discussion point.
He recognizes that the war on drugs has not quelled the drug-use epidemics facing the nation. He supports medical marijuana and the decriminalization of recreational marijuana, and has said that he supports the right of states to opt for full legalization. It's a shame," says Jeff Mizanskey, now 62 after serving 20 years of a life sentence without parole for nonviolent marijuana-related convictions.
Results of recent studies examining perinatal marijuana use and birth outcomes have been mixed. Some show an association between marijuana use during pregnancy and poor birth outcomes, 9 , 10 while others do not. PRAMS is a self-reported survey of recent mothers designed to collect information on maternal behaviors, attitudes, and experiences before, during, and immediately following pregnancy.
PRAMS programs follow a standardized data collection protocol centering on self-administered mailed questionnaires with telephone follow-up for non-responders. Participants complete the survey 3—8 months postpartum, with the majority responding 3—4 months postpartum. The following questions pertaining to severe nausea during pregnancy and marijuana use in the month before and during pregnancy were used for this analysis:. Did you have any of the following problems during your most recent pregnancy?
For each item, circle Y Yes if you had the problem or circle N No if you did not. Did you use any of these drugs in the month before you got pregnant? For each item, circle Y Yes if you used it or circle N No if you did not. Did you use any of these drugs when you were pregnant? Prevalence estimates, confidence intervals, and P -values were generated using SAS 9. Chi-square tests were calculated to determine statistical significance.
A complete breakdown of these prevalence estimates by maternal characteristics can be seen in Table 1. Compared to those who did not report severe nausea during pregnancy, women who reported severe nausea during pregnancy were more likely to report marijuana use during pregnancy 3.
Women who reported severe nausea during pregnancy also had a higher prevalence of marijuana use before pregnancy compared to women who did not report severe nausea during pregnancy 7. However, marijuana use before pregnancy was also associated with an increased likelihood of severe nausea during pregnancy, although the difference was not statistically significant.
These preliminary findings warrant further research into the subject, with special attention paid to the relatively rare, but increasingly documented cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome CHS. While CHS is still being fully described as a medical condition, current reports describe it as being characterized by cyclic nausea and vomiting in long-term marijuana users. Are regular marijuana users who become pregnant more likely to report severe nausea during pregnancy due to undiagnosed CHS?
Are women with severe nausea during pregnancy opting to use marijuana legally or illegally in order to relieve their symptoms, with CHS playing a role only as a minor complicating factor? The body of literature available does not appear sufficient to make a clear determination at this time. As current information on CHS relies mainly on case reports from the past decade, 6 , 16 , 25 — 27 population prevalence estimates are not yet available.
The research presented here includes racial and ethnic groups less frequently reported in the scientific literature. This study does have limitations. Due to the sensitive nature of the subject, some bias in reporting due to perceived social desirability of behaviors would be expected. The survey question related to severe morning sickness during pregnancy was self-reported and non-validated, so variation may have existed with respect to maternal interpretation of nausea severity.
There may also be some effects due to mode bias mail versus telephone , as mail respondents were more likely to report all three outcomes of interest than were phone respondents data not shown. However, phone respondents tend to differ from mail respondents in multiple ways, some of which are thought to be at least partially addressed by PRAMS weighting for demographic characteristics. Gwyneth Paltrow is selling CBD. Gas stations, convenience stores.
Cosmetics, coffee, doggie treats. You name it, someone has added CBD to it. The CBD hysteria is not new. Chemists have known about the cannabinoid for generations, and cannabis-industry figures have been touting the medical benefits of cannabidiol, which has psychoactive properties as well as medical benefits but without the familiar mind-bending punch of THC, for almost a decade.
The New York Times was on it last year. The Washington Post ran an explainer on January 5. Hemp, recall, is cannabis sativa with 0. CBD is also the recipient of positive earned media. Studies show that CBD does indeed lower arthritis-related pain and inflammation. CBD is probably good! CBD is probably safe! For one, not everyone selling CBD is good. In fact, some CBD-slingers are very bad and have been reprimanded by the FDA for marketing products they swear will cure cancer.
Breathless sandwich boards plopped outside hip boutiques in upscale neighborhoods anywhere gentrification can be found are also guilty of similar dissembling. Claims that CBD is good for everything might be true, but are also patently unverifiable. In this way, CBD has become the fitness and wellness fad of our day. Consider the source material. The CBD pre-rolls at the gas station could be ditchweed from up the street for all you know; nobody is regulating that stuff or checking it for purity or contaminants.
There is also potential for lasting psychological damage — that is, a ruined reputation. For most of its salespeople, CBD is nothing more than a handy and buzzy marketing tool du jour, the acai berry or pomegranate juice of the moment.
The cannabinoid does have real potential that requires careful study and mindful application rather than a freewheeling, paint-the-town-with-vaguely-hem-related-shit attitude. The market will always love bright and shiny things. And CBD is that. Eventually, the hysteria will die down and the wave will recede, leaving — what?
People who could benefit from high-quality, tested and accurately dosed CBD products. Could cannabis affect your brain structure or its function? While researchers are trying to answer these and other questions, the science remains unsettled.
While some studies say that cannabis could cure brain cancer, others suggest the plant could actually have bad long-term effects on the brain. No Effect on the Structure of the Brain A recent study in the medical journal European Neuropsychopharmacology found that marijuana has no discernible effect on the cortical structure of the brain. But does this mean that cannabis is definitely safe for your brain? Could Cannabis Cure Brain Cancer? Many patients use cannabis to reduce the nausea associated with chemotherapy, but studies have shown that cannabis could actually help treat cancer.
According to a recent report by 9News in Australia, neurosurgeon Dr. Long-term studies should be conducted for every type of disease — with every type of cannabis available — if we want to be sure about all the possible benefits and risks. As for the long-term effects, they might be negative cognitive impairments or positive curing brain cancer. New scientific findings and trials will ultimately be needed to determine which.
When most of us think about cannabis jobs, positions like budtender and trimmer probably come to mind. The cannabis world has changed drastically since medicinal bud was first legalized in the late s. The New Era Of Weed Careers As with any high growth industry, the canna-boom has revealed a whole host of opportunities for professionals of all specialties. From high-profile legal and compliance positions to retail management and even sommeliers — yep, just like the wine professionals — legitimate cannabis companies are attracting top notch talent from more established, mainstream industries.
Putin the Heat On Rap Music. The ongoing Russian election meddling drama has entered its latest chapter. Putin cares about rap music? Yes, you read the headline correctly. For some reason, despite the long list of troubles facing the world as we know it, Russian President Vladimir Putin has set his sights on Public Enemy Number 1 — drug references in rap songs. Because rap music encourages drug use, of course!
Russian music producer Igor Matvienko fired the first shots against rap music when he was quoted as saying: So, what does a morally conscious Russian president do in the face of the rising tide of social decay? Naturally, he issues a ban! Instead he simply and directly mentioned tightly regulating the music played on Russian radios.
The growth of the cannabis industry showed no sign of slowing down in , and that growth can be expected to continue in Anything is possible for the legal weed industry this year — new ideas, new products, new companies, and, of course, new legislation. Here are a few of our pot industry predictions for This year, we are likely to see even more products infused with the cannabinoid, allowing it to reach an even larger population. Cannabis Growers in Canada While Canada legalized cannabis in , a supply shortage quickly forced some shops to temporarily close.
It took a long time for growers to get their licences approved — and while some intermittent shortages are still to be expected — many growers will finally be able to planting their crops this year. Illinois Could Be the Next State to Legalize Recreational Weed Nothing is final just yet, but Illinois could might be legalizing the recreational use of cannabis in Legal Cannabis in Spain Spain could very well become the next country to fully legalize the possession and consumption of marijuana.
For now, possession on the streets is illegal, but you are allowed to consume cannabis in private clubs, thanks to strict private property laws. The Big Boys Will Take a Bigger Seat at the Table Spurred by the need to keep customers who might prefer cannabis to their products, major alcohol, tobacco, and beverage companies are expected to launch a significant number of CBD- and THC-infused products in And when they do, they will likely become some of the biggest players in the industry.
There were no major setbacks, there were no disasters — there was nothing to stop or even slow the momentum that marijuana legalization and the attendant legal cannabis industry has enjoyed for most of the past decade.
And it and he did. On the very first day of , retail recreational cannabis stores opened in California. Red states legalized medical marijuana. Everything continued as before, and almost nothing was too horribly bad. Depends on your perspective. Medical marijuana patients in the United Kingdom have legal access, but without any way to get any. There are improvements to be made and much more to be done, but in recounting the biggest news from , there is no disaster to lament.
And that is the biggest news of all. Here, then, in no particular order, are our most important stories of the year: Red States Love Medical Marijuana Voters in North Dakota said no thanks to one of the more ambitious recreational legalization efforts to be seen in the United States, but medical marijuana continued its winning streak at the ballot box — and in the Utah state Legislature. Better yet, the bills approved in Oklahoma in June and in Missouri in November are workable and viable.
Medical cannabis is a political winner that transcends whatever aisles, divides, and walls that exist elsewhere in our great and groovy society. Results from the latest stage of the experiment, which began Oct. Share prices in Canadian marijuana company stocks skyrocketed, and these same firms continue to export medical cannabis all over the world.
The biggest concern for some Canadians is how to negotiate the border with the United States. So ripe is the melon that, in October, John Boehner, the Republican former Speaker of the House of Representatives who joined the board of an Ohio-based marijuana company, jumped into the business of selling marijuana-related stock tips. But a series of increasingly shrill bellicose statements was followed up with absolutely no action.
Sessions was let go after the midterm elections for his refusal to trigger a constitutional crisis and fire Special Counsel Robert S. Which brings us to the biggest development of , which was — nothing. Nothing bad, as we said the outset. Marijuana legalization has yet to fulfill its worst or even its less rosy prophecies. We knew this would be the case, but now it is undeniable.
Other analysts expect even bigger growth in the coming years. The rapid growth of the CBD market can be partly explained by the availability of products containing the compound. Of course, a facial mask containing CBD has nothing to do with a dried flower from a dispensary. As a result, the image surrounding CBD products is completely different, thus attracting more — and, specifically, more non-marijuana-using — consumers.
This non-psychoactive compound is becoming more and more popular because of its medical properties with many doctors recommend CBD products to patients dealing a wide variety of conditions, including anxiety, insomnia, or muscle aches. A few drops of CBD under the tongue has also been known to help epileptic children and adults.
There are also many people who start using CBD-infused products without consulting a medical professional, proving that these products are increasingly been seen as completely normal. All kinds of products are now being infused with CBD: But now, Canadian cannabis company Invictus M. Why the sudden change and what does this mean for the industry? The story starts with a 6-year-old girl living with epilepsy. Until seeing this little girl struggling with her illness, Gene Simmons had held a fairly strong anti-drug line.
Despite recent Canadian law prohibiting celebrity endorsements for cannabis companies, British Columbia-based Invictus M. Besides producing medicinal effects and a nice feeling of getting high, legal cannabis produces economic benefits, too.
According to a recent study published by the Journal of Contemporary Economic Policy, housing prices in Denver, Colorado increased by an average of 7. While this development is certainly encouraging, other factors can obviously influence property values, as well, leading researchers to indicate that their findings might be a tad premature. Numerous coffeehouses have closed in Amsterdam in recent years due to new laws, most notably new regulations in Amsterdam which prohibit coffeehouses from operating with meters of a school.
In Amsterdam, this is very understandable, as many tourists visit the city in order to patronize coffeeshops. When it comes to housing prices in American cities, however, these results might be a bit more surprising. While people who regularly buy cannabis at a dispensary might agree to pay a bit more to be close to one, a 3 percent increase seems a bit high.
And speaking of legislation, where does our current surgeon general stand on marijuana legalization? An anesthesiologist and former Indiana state health commissioner, current U. Jerome Adams took office in September of As we have discussed previously, in classifying marijuana under Schedule 1, not only has the government declared pot to have no health benefits, but it also says the drug has a higher potential for abuse than drugs like cocaine, methamphetamines, and Vicodin.
While cannabis remains illegal on a federal level, it turns out that more and more banks are offering services to cannabis companies. According to Marjiuana Moment, newly released federal data shows that the number of banking institutions that are actively servicing accounts for marijuana businesses has grown by nearly 20 percent since the beginning of In November of , the U.
Actually, these banks and credit unions filed suspicious activity reports after noticing that one of their clients might be selling cannabis or infused products, for example , instead of the products or services they declared when creating their bank accounts. Basically, this means that these financial institutions are breaking the law involuntarily. In , the Obama Administration attempted to give banks some freedom to provide services to cannabis businesses.
In June , an amendment attached to a federal finance bill was shut down. Again, this was bad news for banks wanting to do business with marijuana companies.
For now, it seems like nothing will change until cannabis is no longer a Schedule I drug. Of course, everyone working in the cannabis industry would love to see banks provide services legally.
Handling large amounts of cash causes dispensaries and their employees to become targets, and allowing banks to provide services to cannabis-related businesses could actually increase the safety of everyone involved.
If regulations are every changed, this will undoubtedly be a factor. While the growth of — and increasing public support for — legal marijuana is clear, the rules associated with marketing legal weed remain cloudy.
Cultivating cannabis has become a booming business since the advent of its legalization in several states across the nation. While only 10 states plus the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis for recreational use, 33 states now allow the sale and use of cannabis for medicinal purposes.
As the cannabis legalization wave continues to swell over the United States, its use remains illegal at the federal level, complicating how legitimate cannabis businesses do their banking, file their taxes, and promote their products. In addition, state laws regulating how cultivators and dispensaries may advertise their services vary widely, thickening the legal quagmire. Though all members of the canna-business benefit from consulting with qualified legal counsel, there are some guidelines businesses can follow to get the word out while still steering clear of penalties.
The Importance of Advertising You could be sitting on the cure for cancer, but if no one knows you have it, you won't make a dime. Advertising and marketing remain a popular deduction come tax time for good reason. Marketing your brand is simply part of the cost of doing business. Advertising builds brand awareness, and consumers are more likely to purchase from a company they trust. The importance of name recognition cannot be overstated. To understand just how powerful building brand recognition truly is, consider the last time you cleaned out your ears.
Did you call the little cardboard stick with cotton on either end a cotton swab or a Q-tip? Some brands become so ubiquitous the names of their products become part of the common lexicon, which is every marketer's dream come true. However, many of these traditional advertising avenues create legal quagmires for those in the cannabis industry.
Certain kinds of ads can only be shown during specific hours to avoid the risk of children viewing them. Because most television programming crosses state lines, those in the cannabis industry run the risk of prosecution should their ads be viewed in a state where it remains illegal. In addition, because cannabis remains illegal at the federal level, the United States Postal Service prohibits the mailing of cannabis-related advertisements.
Advertising becomes even murkier when state laws come into play. For example, in California, cannabis is legal for both recreational and medical purposes, but advertisements such as billboards may only be placed in areas where at least Anywhere that has a school or day care nearby remains out of reach to cannabis marketers. Finally, the largest social media outlets, Facebook and Google, both have instituted a policy prohibiting the advertising of cannabis on their platforms.
While these are private entities with the rights to make their own rules, due to the potential risk of liability, they will likely not change their advertising policies until and unless cannabis becomes legal at the federal level. Even advertising in local newspapers that don't regularly cross state lines is considered too risky by many due to the risk of federal prosecution for drug trafficking.
Effective Marketing for Cannabis Entrepreneurs With so many restrictions on where they may advertise, how can those in the canna-business get their names out there? Doing so takes a bit of extra creativity. Smart marketers know it costs far less to keep repeat customers than it is to attract new ones. Repeat customers also help build brand-name recognition because they often recommend businesses they love to their friends and family.
Nothing creates more trust among potential new customers than a recommendation from someone they personally trust. Medical cannabis businesses have an advantage here: Whenever a new patient registers at a dispensary, they are often asked to provide a preferred contact method consisting of email, text, or phone.
Cannabis business owners can then use those specific contact methods to blast announcements of special deals and offers directly to their patients.
To attract new customers, businesses can extend "bring a friend" special deals right to the populace they already serve. Cannabis information sites allow the placement of website banners and ads that catch the eye of those interested in medical cannabis. For a modest fee, some websites will even create an entire marketing campaign including sending regular emails to consumers. This win-win solution allows cultivators and dispensaries to focus on creating better strains and products instead of spending their limited time running their own email and text campaigns.
The federal status of cannabis coupled with conflicting state laws creates challenges for those in the cannabis marketing community. However, with a bit of innovation, it is possible to build engaging advertisement campaigns that do not run afoul of the law. This article was contributed by Kacey Bradley. State-funded universities follow state law — except when it comes to cannabis.
This means real consequences for students. It need not be so. Elsewhere, medical marijuana won in nearby Missouri and in Mormon-controlled, deep-red Utah. As the experience of every other state to embark on the marijuana legalization path shows, it will be quite a while before cannabis is available in Michigan stores to those of us without a medical-marijuana recommendation, at least; Detroit is replete with medical cannabis dispensaries and looks likely to remain so.
But if the administrators at state-funded Michigan State University have anything to do with it, nothing will change at all — not now, and not in the future. Marijuana legalization does not apply on campus. Defying Davies carries severe consequences: He warned of outright dismissal from school should they defy his will by exercising newfound rights under state law. How can they do this? The short answer is because they can — and everyone else is doing it. As Inside Higher Ed reported, college campuses in Colorado, California, Oregon, Maine, Massachusetts, and everywhere else marijuana has been legalized have declared themselves marijuana legalization-free zones.
The slightly longer answer is that universities receive federal funding and thus have to follow federal law, under federal drug-free acts cited by MSU. These are the same laws that employers often cite when justifying failing to hire or outright firing employees or potential hires for using cannabis. Police departments are a good example.
Local police departments apply for and receive federal funding in the form of grants, and often take advantage of federal money to pay for equipment. And local police departments enforce… local law, which — in states like California, Colorado, and now Michigan — says that marijuana is legal for adults 21 and over. To date, not a single police department has reported losing federal funding because it did what it is chartered to do — that is, follow state law.
Airports may provide a clearer example for universities to follow, should they so choose. Denver International Airport has declared itself a marijuana-free zone.
Other airports have not — and in either case, if a passenger boarding a flight is found to have any quantity of marijuana, regular procedure for Transportation Security Administration officials is to call local law enforcement. Not the feds, not the military, not the Space Force.
Why are colleges different? Like airports, they are state-chartered institutions, funded primarily by a state. Someone caught breaking the law on a college campus may be subject to arrest by either campus or local police—in either case, law enforcement chartered by a state entity or government.
If arrested, they will be tried in state court. If convicted of a serious enough offense, they will go to a state prison. See the pattern here? Of course you do. So do the colleges, which is why they are choosing to fall back on federal law to justify their retrograde and anachronistic policies — which are in turn causing students real harm. But they can punish a student with consequences that are. They can eject them from campus housing.
They can take away their student loans, their work-study stipend — and they can kick them out of school. And that — for reasons that are spurious and utterly dishonest — is something that colleges appear totally fine with.
It is possible that these hard-line stances are merely preemptive cover-your-ass moves university presidents feel they need to take to keep the feds away.
That may be so. In which case, this is merely a demonstration of moral cowardice rather than draconian evil. Neither is much to be proud of. Is the next center of marijuana production in California former flower farms in Monterrey County, is it hoop-houses enjoying ocean breezes in Santa Barbara — or is it neither? Prior to marijuana legalization, one line of frequently repeated conventional wisdom in certain cannabis circles was that once prohibition ended, The End Times would soon follow.
In California, that means the land in least demand, which means the desert or the agricultural communities of the Central Valley, where cannabis would become a complement to the oceans of pistachios, almonds, stone-fruits, and other commodities produced by industrial agriculture. It was a compelling thesis, and there was some credible evidence — wholesale marijuana prices were indeed dropping and some of those farms were going out of business, and some old growers who could still make the nut financially were left out on technicalities, after they found that their unconventional arrangements disqualified them for state permits — but these arguments suffered from a few flaws.
First, beside the fact that such an enterprise was completely impractical, there was never any credible evidence that tobacco companies, Soros, Monsanto, or any combination of the three were plotting a land-grab of remote, hard-to-access, harder-to-develop-into-industrial agriculture former timber land in Trinity County. Second, the thing about cheap land in California is that it is cheap for a reason.
At one point, according to one estimate, there were roughly 55, marijuana cultivators of various sizes in the Emerald Triangle, meaning if Santa Barbara wants to be the next best home for cannabis cultivation, there needs to be an extended period of growth, and proof that it can be sustained. The truth is that everybody is still figuring out exactly what will work — and nobody can say with certainty what that will be.
Which is to say it may matter very much exactly where a cannabis flower is grown, in the same way that it matters extremely to the market and to the palette if a grape comes from Napa County, or just a few hillsides away in Solano County. And there are considerations far more earthly to consider. It could also be that the impractical Central Valley could become lucrative if local governments make it so. That works in most agricultural industries, but only so far. Wine is an object lesson yet again.
Cannabis may not be quite as picky — especially with indoor growing — but indoor growing is costly, and the cannabis plant is a more fickle mistress than some growers realize. It has yet to be proven beyond doubt that massive, mold, and pest-resistance high-quality cannabis can be grown reliably at scale. Like a snow globe just snatched from the shelf and given a furious shake, the image of large-scale marijuana farming is hazy and unclear and has yet to coalesce and to settle.
Inside the Mormon Medical Marijuana Caravan. Harris is a Las Vegas-based herbalist, medical cannabis advocate, mother of nine, and lifelong member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. She discovered cannabis through her work as an herbalist and has dedicated much of the last four years to educating the conservative Mormon community about it. Utah patients have continually found her through Church networks and made their way unsolicited to Harris seeking help and guidance.
Meanwhile, legislators in Utah are working diligently and quickly to undo a voter-backed medical cannabis ballot initiative that passed earlier this month. Harris understands the hesitancy in the community, she herself was completely anti-cannabis until she started to learn more about it and how it became illegal in the first place. In , she advocated for medical cannabis at the state capital in Salt Lake City with patients who had caravanned to her home in Nevada. She wants them to take into account all the suffering Utahns currently smuggling or using on trips to nearby states to craft a workable policy.
For a Latter-day Saint that is huge, that is a big deal, it is part of who we are — believing that we obey the laws of the land. It is disturbing to watch this. In states where medical cannabis is legal, many LDS patients are using cannabis with the blessings of their bishops or other Church leaders. Let them get out of pain! That is the thing, no one has died from it and teen use has gone down.
After a multi-year struggle, advocates succeeded in putting medical cannabis on the midterm ballot in Utah, where it passed despite well-funded opposition, including from the Church itself. Now the lame duck Utah legislature plans to replace the medical cannabis bill voters approved, Proposition 2, in a special session with a legislative bill that will restrict access and potentially be non-functioning.
Lawsuits are already pending. Patients in Utah are demanding a program in line with the nearby states they are currently smuggling from. As an herbalist, Harris believes cannabis should be left to the realm of herbalism not pharmaceutical medicine.
Harris has been following the negotiations and how they have been influenced by big business and is worried the new law will do nothing to stem the tide of patients being sent to her door for legal guidance in Nevada. Raw flower would be sold in blister packs. Further, because of the nature and unaccounted for costs of the state-run central fill pharmacy proposed under the legislation, the program may be non-functional by the deadline. Referring to an analysis done by Americans for Safe Access of the first draft of the replacement legislation that determined the program would be non-functional, these groups have advocated heavily against it.
More concessions were made to the financially incentivized opposition to safe access. Utah is moving forward with cannabis policy and should create meaningful legislation rather than public messaging stunts.
This is wrong to do to people who are clearly suffering. It's an ugly situation — ugly because because we can't help these suffering Saints up in Utah. We tried to change the law so now the only choice for relief is to break the law and risk losing there Church memberships," Harris concluded.
While Asia is probably not the first place you think of when you think of marijuana legalization — and with good reason — things might be starting to change. Some Asian countries have a reputation for handing out severe punishments — ranging from fines to prison times to the death penalty — for the consumption of possession of weed.
Despite that strict history, some Asian countries are starting to consider varying levels of legalization. Newsweek recently took a look at the progress toward legalization across Asia. Legalization is still a long way away, but this is an important step, nonetheless.
Ministers in the nation are also talking about decriminalizing medical marijuana. The country might also start exporting medical marijuana. For now, only medical marijuana is considered for legalization in some countries. Recreational use seems out of the question.
Until something changes, laws will remain very strict and high sentences will continued to be handed out. According to a reminder tweeted out by the Canadian government, custom officers in Singapore, for example, can request a drug test as soon as you enter the country. Earlier this year, we told you that public support for legal weed had not reached its peak.
And we were right. According to a new poll released by Gallup, public support for marijuana legalization has reached yet another high. This marks the third year in a row that public support has hit a new record. This age group has seen the biggest increase in support in the last few years.
Public support has increased rapidly in the last few years. At the same time, many states have legalized the recreational use of marijuana. This is likely not a coincidence.
But a large group of supporters could be enough to sway lawmakers to propose a ballot. In , for example, public support was lower in the South and Midwest than in the East and West. In the South, the number was only one percentage point higher. This increase could continue the streak of good news for the industry, leading lawmakers in the Midwest and South to rethink their stance on legalization — as well as efforts by cannabis companies to push their expansion efforts towards other parts of the U.
Stay tuned to the Sugar Leaf for updates. The Inexact Science of Cannabis and Pregnancy. While little scientific research exists about cannabis' effects on pregnancy, breastfeeding, and babies, one thing is certain: There is plenty of conjecture about cannabis use during pregnancy but very little fact.
Despite women using cannabis for millennia during menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding, doctors and government officials have become increasingly wary of the topic. Some cite flawed studies to prove it is dangerous to the development and growth of offspring, but from a truly scientific point of view, medical professionals have very little knowledge on how cannabis use during this critical time affects real human babies. Either way, more and more women are doing it.
One doctor has at least set out to understand what can be gleaned from the studies and to highlight the flaws in research available to medical professionals on the topic. Borgelt also surveyed how dispensaries responded to calls from pregnant mothers and found major flaws in both the response from the research and medical community as well as the cannabis industry.
She says she decided to embark on these studies with the University of Denver because she identified the major gap between medical knowledge and patient practice. One day during a consultation with a pregnant mother and medical resident she says the question of whether it was safe to consume cannabis during pregnancy and breastfeeding clearly highlighted the need for the work. She also notes a major flaw in the research; almost all of it refers specifically to the cannabinoid THC, leaving yet another gap in the study on CBD, other cannabinoids, and whole plant cannabis.
As in most knowledge gaps in cannabis, there is also a large gap between medical research and the practice of how humans actually interact with cannabis and its chemical constituents. Despite what the medical profession has to say on the topic, 15 to 28 percent of pregnant and breastfeeding mothers in and out of legal states are using cannabis.
With so much uncertainty, why are they risking it? CB1 receptors are receptors in the nervous system that interact with cannabis and endogenous cannabinoids produced by the human body.
The higher presence of receptors means the effects of cannabinoids would be more potent on a developing fetus or child than an adult. Borgelt says there is a potential that because THC could disrupt and interfere with proper cell signaling during the development of these neurotransmitter systems there could be an effect on fetal development.
However, there is still no definitive current research that could prove or disprove this. Borgelt says this speaks to the types of trials conducted and their limitations and points out that a lack of conclusive evidence is positive. But she says the literature does point, but not prove, to the possibility that cannabis could affect mental development, which would not become apparent until adolescent and teenage years, noting the human brain does not stop developing until the age of Borgelt agreed with Dr.
As for the effects of cannabis use during breastfeeding, Dr. Borgelt acknowledges even less is known with the available studies. While these natural cannabinoids in breastmilk are safe, Dr. Borgelt warns that very little is known about phytocannabinoids in breast milk. What we can say is THC readily passes into the breastmilk and there are numerous studies to confirm that.
When I have patients that ask about that, I will fully acknowledge our body makes its own endocannabinoids, but the exogenous are far more potent and last longer on receptor sites than what our body does normally which can influence the way the cell functions and develops. One of the primary reasons women use cannabis in pregnancy is for immediate relief of nausea. Women who are more comfortable with medical use of cannabis are more likely to view cannabis use as safer than pharmaceutical drugs that could be prescribed to women in pregnancy.
There is a historical precedent for cannabis use in pregnancy.
Marijuana Use and Maternal Experiences of Severe Nausea During Pregnancy in Hawai‘i
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