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Hayward maintained his innocence at a Supreme Court trial, but was found guilty in March, He argued at appeal there was not enough evidence to support the conviction. Mr Justice Smellie said no witnesses saw Hayward with the cannabis resin, only the white package found to contain cocaine.
There was no basis for excluding the reasonable possibility that those packets were thrown through the shelter window by Simmons, who admitted and pled guilty to his possession of them and notwithstanding that the packets were found close together. The court did find there was enough evidence to show Hayward handled the cocaine. Mr Justice Smellie said: Simmons was sentenced to two years in prison in Curtis Swan, 55, was sentenced to spend 21 years behind bars last year after being found guilty of drug importation and money laundering.
Swan appealed both his conviction and the sentence on the grounds that he had been treated unfairly. But in a judgment written by Appeal Judge Anthony Smellie, the court rejected both appeals. And whilst the learned judge accepted that the appellant could not be placed at the very apex of the conspiracy his role, as the judge also accepted, was clearly very significant, and went beyond being that of a foot-soldier.
He also alleged the jury had been placed under undue stress and inhumane conditions during the trial and final deliberations. But the Court of Appeal found the claims did not stand up and that there was no evidence that jurors complained about conditions.
But a drug dog at US Customs in Tennessee alerted officers to the package. They found a large amount of shredded paper which had been soaked in cocaine after it was examined. Experts told the court that the paper contained about 2, grammes of crack cocaine. The cocaine-soaked paper was removed and the package continued to Bermuda after the Bermuda Police Service were informed.
Swan, together with Aaron Johnston, collected the package from courier firm FedEx on May 27, and gave staff a typed note that claimed to be from the person the package had been addressed to. A search of the property turned up pieces of shredded paper, which were later found to contain cocaine. Swan told police he bought and sold vases as part of his business and he knew nothing about the drugs in the package.
But a jury found him guilty of conspiracy to import cocaine into Bermuda and money-laundering by a majority verdict. Ashley Mussenden, 22, was caught by a customs officer when she arrived in Bermuda from a flight from London last September, a court heard yesterday. Mussenden, who was 21 at the time, was going through customs when an officer found a pellet containing a brown substance in her luggage. When questioned about what it was, she said: Mussenden was arrested on suspicion of importation of drugs and was taken to the King Edward VII Memorial Hospital where she was given an X-ray and ultrasound examinations.
Mussenden was discharged from hospital three days later and taken to Hamilton Police Station, where she declined to comment during an interview. Mussenden admitted concealing the controlled drugs inside her body on September 8 last year. Magistrate Khamisi Tokunbo heard that she swallowed 19 pellets containing The case was adjourned until September Court reports were ordered this morning after a year-old man admitted growing marijuana.
The court heard that Dallas was arrested after police were called to investigate trespassing at the old prison headquarters on Happy Valley Road, Pembroke. Officers discovered 25 styrofoam cups on a window ledge during their search. The case was adjourned until July A woman jailed for importing cannabis to treat her seizures has been released on bail. Natasha York, a year-old mother of two, was released from custody last Friday, four days after she was sentenced to serve three months behind bars.
Lawyer Paul Wilson said it is common for those appealing sentences to be given bail until the appeal is decided, if the courts do not believe there is a risk of the person fleeing the country or committing further offences.
Sometimes there are many conditions to bail. But at least she is out and can be with her children. Kyjuan Brown, medical director at Northshore Medical and Aesthetics Centre, said cannabis had completely halted her seizures.
York applied for a licence to import medical marijuana, but decided to illegally bring the drugs to the island after her application was refused. Her licence has since been approved. Magistrate Khamisi Tokunbo sentenced York to 12 months in prison, but suspended nine months of the sentence for a year. Ms York filed an appeal against her sentence on the grounds that, given her unusual circumstances, the magistrate should have used his discretion to suspend the entire sentence.
A mother of two jailed for importation of cannabis to treat her seizures has lodged an appeal against her sentence. Natasha York, 41, was sentenced to a year in prison on Monday for bringing in 1, grams of cannabis, but magistrate Khamisi Tokunbo suspended nine months of the term.
Lawyer Paul Wilson, who represents York, said her licence to use medical marijuana arrived on Wednesday. Now he has launched an appeal to argue the full sentence should be suspended. The licence came through on Wednesday morning. I reviewed the licence itself, and it has been taken down to the Co-Ed Facility. Given the unusual circumstances, I would argue the sentence that she should be incarcerated is excessive. York applied for permission to import medical marijuana, but was at first refused.
The magistrate must have felt like his hands were tied. At the end of the day, she was guilty of importing a controlled drug. At the time she imported the drug, she did not have that licence. However, as of Wednesday, Mr Wilson said he was only able to bring her Lamictal and Dilantin, anti-seizure medications that previously failed to improve her condition. I think that was when things were starting to set in, but when I spoke to her after court all she really wanted to know from me was if she could get her medication.
That has been my number one priority since then. We now have the licence allowing her to bring it in. The harder part right now is getting the medical grade marijuana from Canada to Bermuda because they are quite strict. They say eight weeks, and they mean eight weeks. This is a case of a mother of two who is desperate to live for herself and her two children. A mother who smuggled 1, grams of cannabis products into Bermuda to treat her seizures was jailed for three months yesterday.
Natasha York, 41, told the court cannabis was her only relief from seizures that were responsible for the loss of her job, her ability to drive and caused her several injuries. I walk with pain all of the time but I refuse to give in. The Bermuda Government, the doctors, they need to help me. York added the seizures had severely affected the life of her and her daughters. They have been exposed to my mutilating myself and they know if they try to help me, I could hurt them.
I accept that the drugs were not intended for commercial purpose, but the importation was calculated. You knew what you were doing was illegal.
It must have been determination. He sentenced York to 12 months in prison, but suspended nine months of the sentence for a year. Analysis of the two packages revealed they contained 1, She no longer suffers seizures, nausea and visual auras. Her life essentially returned to normal within minutes. But he said York acted out of desperation when the application was at first refused.
He said she sold her televisions to pay for a trip to Canada and pawned jewellery to buy the cannabis. Her intention was clearly to purchase a sufficient amount to hold her until she received her licence. A year-old American visitor spent part of his honeymoon in jail after a bullet was found in his backpack. The court heard that the bullet was discovered by security personnel as Latham tried to go on board on Saturday. Latham, of Virginia, admitted the offence this morning.
He told the court he had been to a shooting range at home before he started his trip and was unaware that the round was in his bag. He told the court that he was on his honeymoon with his new wife when he was arrested.
Tito Smith argued before the Supreme Court that he earned the money by painting houses and selling a car, but Puisne Judge Stephen Hellman ruled that the money was more likely the proceeds from the sale of crack cocaine. Mr Justice Hellman said: This is the sort of evidence that he might reasonably have been expected to gather shortly after he knew that the cash had been seized.
But the Supreme Court heard the case became dormant and the Department of Public Prosecutions decided in not to proceed with charges. Mr Smith filed an application to recover the seized cash later that year. The application was refused on the grounds that the money was still suspected to be proceeds from the sale of drugs. Mr Smith said in an appeal to the Supreme Court last month that the money came from legitimate sources but that he could not supply records because of the time that had passed.
Mr Smith said he sold the car for cash to a woman named Nicky but was unable to track her down. He admitted that some of the cannabis found in his home belonged to him, but said he knew nothing about the crack cocaine. Mr Smith said his apartment was attached to the family home, and people would come through his bedroom on their way into the main home. Mr Justice Hellman ruled that the crack cocaine found belonged to Mr Smith. There is no evidence that anyone else put it there.
But he pointed out: Up to 20 police officers set up a roadblock at Boaz Island in Sandys. A police spokesman said police officers executed warrants on properties in the area. He added the investigation continued. The police swoop came only a day after a shot was fired into a busy bar and restaurant on Front Street.
She added officers were investigating the possibility that the gun attack could be related to an incident on Reid Street last weekend, in which a year-old man suffered knife wounds after a brawl outside the Vasco Da Gama Club. No one was injured by the shot, which was fired in the early hours of Tuesday morning. Julie Martin, a real estate agent from Kentucky, said she had forgotten about the bullets discovered in her handbag by an X-ray machine as she returned to her cruise ship.
The court heard that Martin, who had won the cruise to Bermuda, left the Anthem of the Seas twice on Monday and took her handbag with her both times. Cindy Clarke, Deputy Director of Public Prosecutions, said the bullets were discovered when she returned to the ship the second time. Ms Clarke said Martin told officers that she had put the ammunition in her bag when she moved to a new office several weeks ago and forgot it was there.
Martin told police that she carried a firearm in the US because she had been threatened on her job. Martin said in court it was common for people to carry a firearm in Kentucky.
I am not typically as forgetful as that. I beg that my husband and I get to go home because our two babies need us. He added that Martin had now missed the return leg of her cruise but Magistrate Khamisi Tokunbo said that was her own fault. Mr Tokunbo, however, agreed that a prison sentence was not required but emphasized that the penalty had to be a deterrent. He added that the bullets could have posed a risk to Bermuda.
The court heard that Ethan Crystal, from Brooklyn, New York, was a crewmember on the Norwegian Escape when it visited the island last week. During a search, they found a container of mints that had an unusual smell. Elizabeth Christopher, defence counsel, said he did not intend to cause any harm and that he had lost his job because of the arrest.
But Magistrate Khamisi Tokunbo told Crystal: A female drugs mule who traveled through Bermuda on a luxury cruise liner has been jailed in Australia for eight years. Melina Roberge was caught with 95 kilograms of cocaine when the MS Sea Princess docked in Sydney on the last leg of an around-the-world cruise, which included a stop in Bermuda.
She documented her voyage on Instagram, including photographs of herself and accomplice Isabelle Lagace on South Shore beaches, when the ship visited the island in July She wanted to be the envy of others.
I doubt she is now. Pictures of the island included captions like: The Sea Princess , which started its voyage in England, visited New York before heading to Bermuda for one day and sailing to Colombia. Sydney was the penultimate port for the ship, which was scheduled to end its day cruise in Fremantle, Western Australia. Australian Federal Police and border agents boarded and searched the ship when it docked in Sydney Harbour.
All three were charged with commercial cocaine importation, which carries a maximum life sentence. Roberge will serve at least four years and nine months before she is eligible for parole, when she will be deported to Canada. Tamin is scheduled to be sentenced in October. Officers smelled cannabis inside his vehicle and found a herb grinder that later proved to have traces of cannabis on it. The offence happened on January 7 last year.
Stovell told Magistrate Khamisi Tokunbo that he was sorry he had more than the permitted amount of 7 grams of cannabis. Criminal sanctions for possession of 7g or less of cannabis were removed from the law books last year. They included the importation of ecstasy, cannabis and cannabis resin. Mr Albuoy is alleged to have imported 2, He was also charged with two counts of conversion or transfer of criminal property.
The offences are alleged to have been committed last September. Mr Albuoy did not have to enter a plea because the case must be heard in Supreme Court. Magistrate Khamisi Tokunbo ordered the defendant to hand over his passport and not to leave Bermuda without notifying the court.
Mr Albuoy must also report to Hamilton Police Station three times a week. A year-old man who shot himself in the hand by accident with a home-made gun has been jailed for six years. Larry Mussenden, the Director of Public Prosecutions, said that Crown counsel Karen King had requested a six to eight-year prison sentence, while defence lawyer Elizabeth Christopher asked for four to six years.
Mr Mussenden said the sentences of six years on each charge imposed on Thursday would run concurrently. He added that time spent in custody would be taken into account. James was remanded in custody in September last year after a Supreme Court jury found him guilty of the offences, which happened in August He claimed he had been sitting on Fentons Drive in Pembroke when a man approached him and pointed a gun in his face.
Prosecutors said at the trial that James was evasive when asked about the incident and unable to provide officers with a description of the alleged shooter.
A police canine unit was sent to the scene after James was questioned in hospital and officers found a pool of blood on Fentons Drive and a spring coil in the blood trail. They also discovered a bullet head in a wall, which appeared to have lodged there after it was fired. James was arrested the day after the incident and questioned by police. Forensic samples were also taken and an empty Winchester.
James denied both charges, but a jury found him guilty by a majority of Any move to legalize cannabis must be examined with care, the Minister of Social Development and Sport has said. Mr Weeks told The Royal Gazette: The Act removed criminal offences for simple possession of seven grams or less of cannabis. Police officers still have legal authority to seize cannabis of any amount from a member of the public.
The Act does not guarantee that anyone attempting to travel to the United States will not be stopped, including if they hold a prior conviction for possession of cannabis. Mr Weeks was questioned on whether he had held talks with the United States Consulate on the problem.
A man accused of smuggling the controlled drug fentanyl to Bermuda was found not guilty last night. Craig Lawrence was also cleared by a Supreme Court jury of possessing the synthetic opiate with intent to supply. The Canadian national from Markham, Ontario, had always denied importing the drugs sometime between an unknown date and December 15, , and possessing the drug on December 20, The jury sent a series of notes to the court during several hours of deliberations.
In response, Judge Charles-Etta Simmons told the jury that Mr Lawrence could be found guilty of the charges before them only if he knew the drug imported was fentanyl. During the trial, the court heard evidence from Jacqueline Robinson that Mr Lawrence had invited her on an all-expenses-paid holiday shortly after they had started a relationship in Canada.
The jury heard that the couple spent the night before they were due to fly to Bermuda with friends of Mr Lawrence in a hotel. Ms Robinson said that the next morning Mr Lawrence and another woman showed her a stash of drug pellets in the hotel bathroom and told her to swallow them. She testified that Mr Lawrence told her the pellets contained cannabis, and that if she did not swallow them, she would never go home again.
Mr Lawrence and Robinson arrived in Bermuda on December 15, , and the pair went to the Hamilton Princess Hotel and Beach Club, where she threw up 44 of the 45 pellets. She then gave the pellets to Mr Lawrence, who put them in the hotel safe.
Robinson then fell ill, and was rushed to hospital. According to prosecutors, the pellets contained fentanyl rather than cannabis, and a ruptured pellet caused her illness. Robinson admitted her involvement in the plot to smuggle drugs into Bermuda at Supreme Court and had been jailed for seven years.
A man accused of a plot to import fentanyl was cleared of charges yesterday. A jury found Maurice Martin not guilty of conspiring to import a controlled drug on the instructions of Puisne Judge Charles-Etta Simmons. She told the jury: He has denied charges of conspiring to import a controlled drug and conspiracy to supply a controlled drug.
Earlier in the trial, the court heard evidence from Jacqueline Robinson that Mr Lawrence ordered her to swallow dozens of pellets before traveling to Bermuda.
She testified she was told the pellets contained cannabis. But the court heard they contained fentanyl, a synthetic opiate related to heroin. Ms Robinson arrived in Bermuda on December 15, , and threw up 44 of the 45 pellets.
Prosecutors said the remaining pellet ruptured, causing Ms Robinson to fall ill. Ms Robinson confirmed that she had earlier admitted her involvement in the plot to smuggle drugs into Bermuda at Supreme Court and had been jailed for seven years.
The trial is expected to conclude this week. Sheneal Harris is accused of trying to smuggle the drugs into Bermuda on May 18 last year. She also faces a further two charges of possessing cannabis and cannabis resin with intent to supply. Tafari Wilson, 36, lodged an appeal against his conviction after trial by magistrate Khamisi Tokunbo in March last year for conspiring to import more than grams of the drug, which was found in a package addressed to his mother.
Wilson, of Devonshire, argued on appeal that Mr Tokunbo did not give adequate reasons for his decision and that he failed to direct himself on how to handle circumstantial evidence. Acting Justice Delroy Duncan said in a written judgment last week that magistrates must provide a reasoned decision at the end of a trial. The Acting Justice dismissed the appeal and said: He claimed that he had collected the package for his mother and did not know what it contained.
The court heard Wilson went to the Air Canada office on November 14 in an attempt to collect the package Wilson paid the fees and gave his own mobile phone number as a contact for the delivery. He collected the package when it was delivered on November 18 and put it in a shed outside his home. She told police she knew nothing about the delivery or the shipper. She added that when she placed online orders she had them shipped to a United States address.
A drug smuggler caught importing cocaine while on probation for heroin trafficking has been jailed for another 12 years. Clarke was brought back to Bermuda to serve the last part of his sentence at Westgate and released on parole in April after serving just over three years behind bars.
But within months of his release, the year-old was detained by police in Hamilton after picking up a parcel from a courier company containing grams of cocaine. Clarke fled the island, but he was located in the Bahamas and extradited back to Bermuda in June. He was convicted this week by a jury of conspiracy to import a controlled drug and possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply after a Supreme Court. A drug smuggler was caught red-handed with a large stash of cocaine only months after being released from prison for his involvement in an international heroin trafficking operation.
Clarke was brought back to Bermuda to serve the last part of his sentence at Westgate and released from prison towards the end of Although he then fled the island, Clarke was eventually extradited back to Bermuda and this week he was convicted of conspiracy to import a controlled drug and possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply at Supreme Court by a jury. He was remanded in custody and faces a lengthy prison term when he is sentenced today.
Kennedy Airport in New York. During a layover in New York, customs officers stopped John and searched his bags, and discovered a false bottom in his suitcase. They found the heroin, which weighed 1. Both Clarke and John later pleaded guilty to being involved in the heroin importation plot and Clarke was sentenced to 87 months in prison.
Supreme Court heard Watson, from Jamaica, was stopped for a random search after he passed through customs and collected a single suitcase on September 1 last year. Customs officers noticed he shook while he answered questions and that the zipper of the suitcase had been zip-tied shut. Customs officers drilled into the handle and found white powder inside. Watson told police he had agreed to bring cannabis into Bermuda after he struggled to find a job in Jamaica.
Watson said he was given the suitcase in Jamaica and was shocked to discover later that it contained cocaine. Crown prosecutor Takiyah Burgess asked for a sentence of ten years and six months. She told the court Watson knew he was importing drugs, even if he believed the drug was cannabis, but said he deserved credit for an early guilty plea and his previous clean record.
Defence lawyer Elizabeth Christopher argued that a sentence of five years would be more appropriate. She told the court: He sentenced Watson to six years, but ordered that any time on remand should be taken into account. Police uncovered a plot to smuggle fentanyl into Bermuda when a drugs mule fell sick and required emergency treatment, a court heard. Jacqueline Robinson swallowed 45 pellets of the drug before traveling from Toronto to Bermuda with her boyfriend Craig Lawrence in December , a jury at the Supreme Court was told yesterday.
The pair stayed at the Hamilton Princess Hotel and Beach Club where Ms Robinson fell seriously ill after regurgitating most of the pellets and had to be rushed to hospital, prompting police to launch an investigation. Jurors have been told that Ms Robinson admitted her role in the drug smuggling operation and will give evidence against Mr Lawrence, and a third man, Maurice Martin, later in the trial.
Prosecutors allege that Mr Lawrence was part of the conspiracy to bring the drugs to Bermuda and supply them to others, while Mr Martin collected the pellets of fentanyl from the hotel to supply to others. Opening the case for the Crown yesterday, prosecutor Alan Richards said: Mr Richards told jurors that the couple had originally planned to stay at the Windsong Guest Apartments, but ended up at the Hamilton Princess Hotel because they had not made a reservation.
I could not feel one. She was puffy and swollen. I went into the bathroom to get a cloth, I wet the towel and dabbed it around her neck. Then the paramedics came. Lawrence was involved in the process of cleaning them up and arranging for them to be collected.
Martin was the person who came to the room on a number of occasions to collect the capsules. Mr Lawrence denies conspiracy to import a controlled drug and also conspiracy to supply a controlled drug. Mr Martin denies conspiracy to supply a controlled drug. A man yesterday denied the gun murder of Perry Puckerin Jr. Jeremiah Dill, 34, pleaded not guilty in the Supreme Court to charges of premeditated murder and using a firearm to commit murder.
Mr Dill, from Pembroke, was remanded in custody for a further court appearance next Monday. Josef Vleck also appeared at the arraignments session.
The year-old, a resident of the Czech Republic, also denied possession of the drugs with intent to supply. He is expected to return to the Supreme Court for trial on March Barry Richards denied a charge of causing grievous bodily harm by driving without due care and attention on September 17 last year.
Mr Richards is also expected to return to the Supreme Court next Monday. Court reports were ordered on a man who admitted having cocaine and drug equipment. The officers found several plastic twists containing white powder under his motorbike seat. Lab tests later confirmed that the twists contained 0. Magistrate Khamisi Tokunbo adjourned sentencing until the end of next month and ordered a Social Inquiry Report and a drug assessment on Pacheco.
They also pleaded not guilty to possession of marijuana. A third man charged in connection with the case, year-old Kyle Smith, of Pembroke, did not appear in court. Michael Clamens was stopped on Gibbs Hill in Southampton on May 11 after police spotted him driving erratically.
Officers arrested the year-old on suspicion of impaired driving after smelling intoxicants on his breath and noticing he was unsteady on his feet. Clamens admitted possessing cannabis which was intended for supply and possessing scales for use in connection with the preparation of a controlled drug. Clamens told the court: The fines must be paid by January A talented young footballer who was caught with a small amount of cannabis in has possession has been given a conditional discharge.
Kamali Davis was with several friends in a car driving along Kindley Field on January 1 this year when the vehicle was stopped by police. Officers searched the passengers due to the smell of marijuana and Davis, 19, was taken back to Hamilton Police Station.
A small wrap of cannabis, which weighed just over four grams, was found on Davis after a search. Davis, who has no previous convictions, later pleaded guilty to possession of cannabis. Magistrate Khamisi Tokunbo imposed a month conditional discharge on the teenager on Tuesday because of his early guilty plea, the small amount of the drug seized and his lack of previous convictions.
Davis apologized for his actions and said he had learnt from his mistake. The decriminalization of cannabis is about to come into law for the specific purpose of decriminalizing our young men; in particular, our young black men.
But under no uncertain terms is this country giving them or anyone else a free pass to be skanking up and down our streets on a conscious high. Cannabis is illegal in Bermuda and long shall it remain illegal, save for the possibility of medicinal use being cleared in future for those who absolutely need it. The only difference the change to the law brings is that they will not be hauling offenders in front of the courts when they have been caught in possession of anything less than seven grams.
It is quite rich to say job opportunities, school opportunities and opportunities to travel have been taken away from those who have criminal records as a result of a cannabis conviction. This is not a new drug.
Nor are the penalties new. So why the repetitive moaning and groaning of an unjust system that targets our young black men when our young black men should have the sense to know that what they are doing is frowned upon by the law and presents worst-case scenarios that can have lasting effect. On a third arrest for possession, a caution may be granted on the following conditions: They are committing a crime and should be dealt with accordingly.
And in the instances where they are found with in excess of seven grams, possession with intent to supply can be offered as a charge in front of a magistrate.
So there you have it. A man sentenced to 12 years behind bars for possession of a firearm has lost an appeal against his conviction. Eston Joell, 48, argued that he had been ambushed by new evidence in the middle of the trial, and that the jury should not have heard about his previous conviction for lying to police.
Scott was then involved in a collision with another motorcycle on Middle Road in Paget and fled the area on foot, leaving his belongings behind. Among the items was a Colt 45 handgun with five rounds of. Scott told police when arrested that Joell had given him an item to take to the Botanical Gardens, where it was to be collected by someone else.
Joell, however, said he had no knowledge of the firearm or the contents of the secret room, but a jury found him guilty of possessing both a firearm and ammunition.
He later launched an appeal and argued a range of points including that the jury should not have heard evidence that, years earlier, he was convicted of giving police false information. Sergeant Trott later said that while the original record had been destroyed, the copy of the conviction presented to the court was accurate.
Lawyer Susan Mulligan, representing Joell, said that the information was more prejudicial than probative and should not have gone before the jury. Giving evidence on the stand, Joell repeatedly said that there were no locks on the door to the room.
However, prosecutors later presented the court with photographs showing a pair of locks on the inside of the door. While counsel for Joell argued that the picture should not have been admitted, the panel wrote: Legislation to decriminalize small quantities of cannabis tonight won universal support from senators.
The Misuse of Drugs Decriminalization of Cannabis Amendment Act will decriminalize possession of less than 7 grammes of cannabis - but police will still be able to seize any amount of cannabis. The Act was endorsed by Government and Opposition senators, as well as independent senators, as it was debated this evening. We want to further the education regarding drug abuse in our society to protect our young persons.
We plan to take a full review of drug policies in Bermuda through a Green Paper. The minister will also draw up regulations for substance abuse education or treatment for those caught with the drug under the new legislation. A similar Bill was debated and approved by the House of Assembly in May, but the legislation never reached the Senate because of the General Election.
Both Bills aimed to decriminalize possession of less than 7 grammes. Citizens Uprooting Racism in Bermuda welcomed the passing of legislation by MPs last weekend, which it said would help to lower conviction rates among young people. But president Lynne Winfield said legalizing cannabis and providing services including detox and therapeutic communities would make a more meaningful impact. However, a more holistic approach including legalisation will transform lives and society.
It is only a combination of changes to the law combined with services such as detox, therapeutic communities, destigmatisation, employment opportunities and education that will transform the drug culture in Bermuda and how the criminal justice system and health system respond. Therapeutic communities are a common form of long-term residential treatment for substance use disorders.
Curb, which advocated for legalizing the drug in its Racial Justice Platform and in its submission to the Cannabis Reform Collaborative in , chimed in after the Misuse of Drugs Decriminalization of Cannabis Amendment Act was passed in the House of Assembly in the early hours of Saturday morning. Ms Winfield highlighted Portugal as a country that combined legalisation with other measures. Mr Hatfield added that such a market would have quality control, price control and distribution control and it would also be able to limit minors from using cannabis.
The decriminalization model did not address some of his key points, specifically quality control, distribution and cultivation. And, if anything, we suggested that in a decriminalization model, you could possess up to a certain amount but you could also cultivate on your private property as long as you had a permit.
But police will still be able to seize any amount of cannabis and the minister will draw up regulations for substance abuse education or treatment for those caught with the drug. The Director of Public Prosecutions can also still proceed with charges if there is evidence the drugs were intended for supply. The Bill must be backed by the Senate and approved by the Governor before it becomes law.
A Bill to decriminalize small quantities of cannabis was passed in the House of Assembly last night. But police will still be able to seize any amount of cannabis. The minister will also draw up regulations for substance abuse education or treatment for those caught with the drug.
But the latest specifies that the Director of Public Prosecutions can still proceed with charges if there is evidence the drugs were intended for supply. In addition, consideration of the Constitution of Bermuda Constituency Boundaries Order was approved.
A new Bill to decriminalize small quantities of cannabis was tabled in the House of Assembly on Friday. The Bill would decriminalize quantities of cannabis less than 7 grams. However, the Bill states police will still have the authority to seize any amount of cannabis, and the minister shall make regulations to provide for substance abuse education or treatment for those found with the drug. A similar Bill was debated and approved by the House of Assembly in May, but the legislation never reached the Senate due to the timing of the General Election.
While both pieces of legislation were aimed at decriminalizing quantities of cannabis less than 7 grams, the latest Bill specifies that the Director of Public Prosecutions can still proceed with charges if there is evidence the drugs were intended for supply.
The new legislation also lacks a commencement date. Raza Mirza was caught as he came through customs at LF Wade International Airport with the drugs hidden in the lining of his bag. Mirza, 22, arrived in Bermuda from Canada on June 9 this year. Authorities carried out forensic checks on his Samsonite bag, which showed the presence of cocaine. A search revealed five ziplock bags of cocaine in the lining of the case. In one exchange, an individual called Andrew asked him: He told the court: I am really sorry for what I have done.
My family is now having to deal with it all now and my mom is very sick. It was sheer stupidity. I was not thinking about what I was doing. He ultimately is sorry for his actions and his desperate attempt to make income. The court must however continue to mete out sentences which send a clear and unequivocal message. A year-old Pembroke man was jailed for a year yesterday for growing cannabis. He added that Adams, who was charged with another man who was not in court, turned himself in and admitted operating a grow house when interviewed by police.
Ms Morris, 55, appealed against her conviction and the Crown appealed against the year sentence given to Damon Morris on the grounds it was too low. Damon Morris, 26, was initially jailed for 12 years for orchestrating a major drug smuggling operation to import large quantities of heroin and cocaine into Bermuda. Jurors heard at the original Supreme Court trial that in December an airline passenger was stopped as he arrived at LF Wade International Airport.
An X-ray revealed that he had swallowed several items that he later excreted and were found to be Police later arrested Damon Morris on conspiracy to import controlled drugs after an investigation.
Officers also found A jury found Damon Morris guilty of conspiracy to import heroin, possession of cocaine with intent to supply and possession of drug equipment after a seven week trial. Ms Morris was acquitted of the drugs offences, but found guilty of possessing criminal proceeds. Charmari Burns was caught red-handed with the drugs hidden in secret compartments in his luggage as he arrived at LF Wade International Airport last year.
Acting Puisne Judge Juan Wolffe said in Supreme Court when he passed sentence that the prevalence of drugs in Bermuda had torn apart the social fabric of the community. Those who import drugs do so with scant regard for the results of their actions. Families have been destroyed and dreams have been dashed.
Sentences must be serious enough to deter. Burns returned to Bermuda on October 22 last year through New York and was detained after a police sniffer dog alerted customs officers to traces of contraband on his two bags. The suitcases were searched and found to contain nearly 1. The drugs were stashed in various parts of the bags including the wheel wells, the handles and the lining. Yesterday he apologized for his actions, and specifically said sorry to his mother. He feels ashamed at having not followed the example his mother set.
He is a guy that has been trying for a long, long time. A Pembroke man caught with 1. Simons was taken to Hamilton Police Station where officers found a clear plastic bag containing five twists of white powder in his boxers. The white powder was analyzed and found to contain 55 per cent cocaine. Simons, who has similar previous convictions, told the court that he had been dealing with family problems at the time and the drugs were for his personal use.
Natasha York, 41, also pleaded not guilty to possessing 1, She was also ordered to report to Hamilton Police Station every Wednesday. A judge has called for improved sentencing guidelines on drugs cases. Puisne judge Carlisle Greaves said in a recent sentencing hearing that a table of guidelines for such cases would make the process simpler and remove uncertainty.
Mr Justice Greaves said: The comments came during a sentencing hearing last month, in which Mr Justice Greaves sentenced Ryan Willingham-Walker and former customs officer Roberto Marques for drug offences. Marques had admitted possessing cocaine with intent to supply, while Willingham-Walker pled guilty to possessing cannabis with intent to supply.
Prosecutors had called for a sentence of no less than 12 years for Marques, while defence lawyer Charles Richardson argued for a sentence below eight years. Both sides referred the court to different cases, which involved a range of sentences and drug quantities. After deliberation, Mr Justice Greaves sentenced Marques to ten years behind bars and Willingham-Walker to 18 months in prison. Roberto Marques, then still serving in customs, was arrested outside a Pembroke grocery store with 30 bags of cocaine hidden in a sunglasses case.
We hope that it sends a strong message to those who would engage in corrupt practices and illicit activities. Prosecutors had called for a sentence of no less than 12 years, while defence lawyer Charles Richardson argued that the sentence should not exceed eight years. Meanwhile, a second man, year-old Ryan Willingham-Walker, was sentenced to 18 months in prison for possessing cannabis with intent to supply.
Both men were arrested at the same time last November. Willingham-Walker got into the front passenger seat and left the car about five minutes later. Police swooped as Marques tried to pull out of the parking area and arrested both men. But they also found the sunglasses case with 30 ziplock bags containing cocaine.
Willingham-Walker was found to be carrying 6. Both defendants pleaded guilty to possession of drug equipment and money laundering. Marques also pleaded guilty to possession of cocaine with intent to supply and Willingham-Walker admitted possession of cannabis with intent to supply. However, Mr Richardson said there was no suggestion Marques had abused his position. In the case of Willingham-Walker, Ms Smith said a sentence of between two and four years would be appropriate given the quantity of cannabis.
But Mr Richardson said the only reason Willingham-Walker was before the Supreme Court was that prosecutors had tied his charges to those of Marques. Bermuda ranks 13th for cocaine consumption out of countries, according to a survey. The statistics showed that 1. Truell Landy, director of youth drug prevention charity Pride, said the results underlined the need to prevent people falling victim to gateway drugs as they entered adulthood.
Scotland came second, on 2. The small European duchy of Luxembourg anchored the top 20 with cocaine used by 1. Ms Landy said that cocaine use did not appear to be a major problem among the under age group in Bermuda, with an average of 1. She added that more could be done to deal with drug abuse on the island. The newspaper report said: I would encourage our parents and adults caring for young people to be very vigilant.
There are many of our young people who are engaging with alcohol and marijuana use and it is causing problems. We can see it in the news over the last several years. It is something that we really want to focus on as a concern. The Daily Telegraph article can be found at telegraph. Holder was found with 1,g of cannabis in September Henry-Huggins was caught with 10,g of the same drug last December. Both pleaded not guilty but were convicted after trials and received the same sentence.
He added that in his notes on sentencing, the magistrate singled out the extended trial as an aggravating factor. Supreme Court heard that during sentencing, defence lawyer Vaughn Caines had called for a sentence of three years, while the prosecution did not suggest a sentence length or oppose the one proposed by Mr Caines.
Mr Caines said that the legal system in Bermuda was adversarial and questioned if it was right for the Crown to complain about a sentence after it failed to make a submission on the subject at the sentence stage.
Mr Justice Kawaley wrote in his rulings that the sentence of Holder was excessive when compared to that of Huggins and that the magistrate had failed to provide sufficient reasons to give her a sentence at the higher end of the proposed sentencing range. He allowed the appeal and reduced her sentence by eight months. However, the judge dismissed the Crown appeal in the case of Henry-Huggins.
However, because the sentence imposed was within a range which was proposed by defence counsel and tacitly conceded as appropriate by prosecution counsel at the sentencing hearing, a case for allowing the appeal and quashing the sentence imposed has not been made out.
It is alleged Josef Vlcek, 47, from Czechia, also known as the Czech Republic, brought nearly three kilograms of the drug into Bermuda on Saturday. He was also charged with possessing heroin with intent to supply. A year-old cruise ship passenger was today handed a suspended prison sentence for possessing 3. Ioas Durham, from Boston, was sentenced to one month in prison, suspended for six months, for the offence that happened in Sandys on Tuesday.
Durham also dropped an item down the back of his shorts. It fell on the ground and he stepped on it. His cabin was also searched and more plant material was seized. Plant material was later recovered from the search area and Durham told police officers that it was probably his. In court today, Durham explained that he has a Massachusetts medical marijuana card for a variety of health problems.
Durham also told the court that he spent the night in the emergency shelter at the Salvation Army and a Go Fund Me account was set up for him so he could afford a ticket home.
Senior magistrate Juan Wolffe handed him the suspended sentence and warned him not to commit any further offences in Bermuda in the next six months. Jefferson was leaving the island on September 1 when airport security detected the bullets in his bag. The year-old was arrested and told officers that he thought he had left the ammunition in a different bag with his gun in Memphis. He admitted possessing ammunition and told the court: I had no idea the ammunition was in my bag when I came to Bermuda.
Since this is my first offence, I ask you to have mercy on me. We take it very seriously. Team Teaching Exercises Richard Haspel. Update in Movement Disorders Claire Henchcliffe. Movement, Spine, and Autonomic Neurology. Update in Spine Disorders J. Update in Autonomic Neurology Roy Freeman. Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgias Christopher Boes. Nerve Conduction Criteria and Electrodiagnostic Approaches. Risk Stratification and Mitigation Bruce Cree. Emerging Therapies in MS: Risks of psychiatric disorders in children and young adults with demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system: Research Methodology and Education: Timing of curriculum affects medical student career choice.
Titration dosing of aducanumab: Results of a month interim analysis from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 1b study PRIME in patients with prodromal or mild Alzheimer's Disease Ahmed Enayetallah. Clinical and Translational Studies in Neurodegenerative Diseases. Mortality and risk of dementia in normal pressure hydrocephalus: Impact of hyperglycemia according to collateral status on reperfusion and outcomes in acute ischemic stroke after mechanical thrombectomy Joon-Tae Kim.
Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: An analysis of fixed dose IV recombinant tissue plasminogen activator rtPA and clinical outcomes in acute ischemic stroke patients with body weight kilograms: Thrombectomy and thrombolysis in pediatric acute ischemic stroke Kathryn Ess.
Neuro Trauma and Sports Neurology. Hyperphosphorylation of tau contributes to anxiety-like behavior and LTP-decline after mild traumatic brain injury Jianhua Qiu.
Oculomotor function and white matter integrity in patients with post-concussion syndrome Foad Taghdiri. Near point convergence and other measures of vestibulo-ocular dysfunction are associated with protracted neurological recovery after sports concussion Andrew Russman. Disruption to the dopaminergic system following traumatic brain injury Peter Jenkins.
Deep Brain Stimulation II: Video Case Presentations William Tatum. One Brain, Many Genomes: How to Optimize for Accurate Diagnosis and Reimbursement. Prediction of Progression and Treatment David Gill.
Approach to the Shaky Patient. Tremor in Essential Tremor Vicki Shanker. Psychogenic and Beyond Vicki Shanker. Childhood Arterial Ischemic Stroke: Therapy of Neuromuscular Disease: Treatment of Inflammatory Neuropathies Michael Weiss. Treatment of Myasthenia Gravis Anthony Amato. Treatment of Inflammatory Myopathies Anthony Amato. Drugs of Abuse Neeraj Kumar. Hot Topics in Sleep Neurology. Presentation of the A. Leptomeningeal Metastases Julie Hammack. Increased Intracranial Pressure Julie Hammack.
Acute Encephalopathy Nimish Mohile. Stroke in a Cancer Patient Nimish Mohile. Infections of the Nervous System I: Diagnostic Testing of Neurological Infections. Closing Remarks Kevin Crutchfield. Gender-specific Care for Neurological Disorders.
Longitudinal characterization of cortical lesion evolution in multiple sclerosis by ultra high field MRI Constantina A Treaba. Environmental risk factors associated with pediatric MS: The role of remote viral infections and vitamin D revisited. Self-reported fatigue and lower limb problems predictive of conversion to secondary progressive multiple sclerosis in an aging sample of patients Caila Vaughn.
Contemporary Clinical Issues Plenary Session. The Elephant in the Clinic Dennis Bourdette. Contributors, Consequences, and Solutions Colin West.
Clerkship and Program Directors Conference: Wellness and Burnout During Training. Promoting Wellness Among Our Trainees: Starting the Conversation Patrick Reynolds. Dealing with a Troubled Resident Patrick Reynolds. Hot Topics and Controversies in Parkinson's Disease.
Epilepsy in Children and Adolescents Douglas Nordli. Neuromuscular Disease Peter Kang. Common Spine Disorders I: Spine Neuroimaging Timothy Maus.
Neuroimaging for the General Neurologist I: Neuroimaging of Cognitive Disorders John Bertelson. Pituitary and Suprasellar Lesions Laszlo Mechtler. Approach to Muscle Disorders Namita Goyal. Clinical Approach to Muscle Disease I: Muscle Disorders and Rhabdomyolysis. Approach to Rhabdomyolysis Andrew Mammen. From the Microscope to the Ward Louis Caplan. The Common Peripheral Vestibular Disorders. Vestibular Neuritis Terry Fife. Meniere's Disease Robert Baloh. Feasibility of brain atrophy measurement in clinical routine: Biomarkers, Outcome Measures, and Therapeutics.
A placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of BVS in patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy Christopher Grunseich. Reliability of functional outcome measures in spinal muscular atrophy: Results from multi-centered, global, phase 3 clinical trials Allan Glanzman. Phenotypic heterogeneity in Italian patients with motor neuron disease Nicola Ticozzi.
Highlights in Sleep Science. Associated of insufficient sleep with symptoms of anxiety and depression in the general population Kelly Sullivan. Network Anatomy of Behavior William Seeley. Network Anatomy of Behavior and Language. How to Run a Practice: Acute Meningitis Jennifer Lyons. Infections of the Nervous System II: Diagnosis and Treatment of Nuanced Causes of Dizziness. Stroke and Dizziness Kevin Kerber. Vestibular Migraine Robert Baloh.
Treatment of Common Spine Disorders J. Common Spine Disorders II: Interventional Spine Procedures Timothy Maus. Neurotoxicology and Neurologic Emergencies Michel Toledano.
Neuroimaging for the General Neurologist II: The Cocoanut Grove Nightclub Disaster of Diagnosis, Treatment, and Update on Causes. Inflammatory Myopathies and Muscle Pathology. Stroke and Status David Greer. Epidemiology of Migraine in Men: Neurologic care access and utilization patterns in the United States Altaf Saadi. Secular trends of ALS incidence in an Italian population-based register, Genetic descriptors of a multiple sclerosis cohort Noriko Isobe.
MS Characterizations and Tools for Measurement. Sample sizes and clinical relevance of MS-specific atrophy markers: A comprehensive, unbiased, simulation-based method accounting for normal aging Christina Azevedo. Ofatumumab versus teriflunomide in relapsing MS: Correlations with Clinical Variables Asaff Harel. Circulating microRNAs are associated with acute inflammation in patients with multiple sclerosis. Ataxia and the Cerebellum. In vivo drug discovery for progressive supranuclear palsy using a novel zebrafish model Qing Bai.
Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology. Hippocampal and white matter hyperintensity volumes are associated with domain-specific cognitive decline: Relative preservation of affect recognition in posterior cortical atrophy Peter Pressman. Dysmetria of Thought and the Universal Cerebellar Transform: Negotiating with Payers Brad Klein. Systems, Abilities, and Deficits Bradford Dickerson. Infectious Causes of Stroke Kiran Thakur.
Advanced Topics in Infectious Neurology. Blended Learning Joseph Safdieh. Faculty Development Charlene Gamaldo. Curriculum Development Ralph Jozefowicz. Neuroimaging Cases I Joseph Masdeu. A Case-based Approach to Neuroimaging. A Checklist for Neuroimaging James Smirniotopoulos. Video Cases Alberto Espay. Case Studies in the ICU. Cases for Discussion Kathleen Digre.
An Unusual Case Ronald Petersen. Seizure Semiology Andreas Alexopoulos. Management of GU Dysfunction: Nystagmus and Saccadic Intrusions Made Simple. Saccadic Intrusions Janet Rucker. Self-test and Cases Steven Galetta. Principles of Genomic Medicine: Clinical Exome Sequencing in Neurologic Disease. Introduction and Epidemiology Aneesh Singhal. Stroke in Young Adults and Women. Cerebral Arteriopathies Aneesh Singhal.
Hormones and Hypercoagulable States Cheryl Bushnell. Neuroimaging Biomarkers Across the Dementia Spectrum. You Make the Call! Therapy of Movement Disorders: Management of Migraine and Psychiatric Comorbidities. Palliative Care and Neurology: The Palliative Care Guide in Neurology: The Burden of Epilepsy: Managing Comorbidities and Quality of Life.
Fully automated pipeline for white matter hyperintensity segmentation using clinical scans in patients with acute ischemic stroke Markus D Schirmer. Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology. Disparities in Delivery of Endovascular Therapy: Time-course of functional recovery after acute ischaemic stroke and its relationship to cause-specific mortality: Implications for follow-up of stroke trials Aravind Ganesh.
Clinical Trials Plenary Session. Results of the Phase 3 Study Ludwig Kappos. Developing the Treatments of Tomorrow I: Taking Molecules from Lab to Man. Developing Biologic Therapies Gary Starling. Welcome and Introduction Michael Howell. What Neurologists Need to Know. To Breathe or To Sleep? Sensory, Autonomic, and Both I: Focus on Autonomic Nervous System.
Evaluation of Autonomic Function Horacio Kaufmann. Neuromuscular Disorders Justin Kwan. Neuromuscular, Dementia, and Stroke. Nonmotor Manifestations of Parkinson's Disease I. Pediatric 3rd, 4th, and 6th Nerve Palsies Grant Liu. The Mary Walker Effect: Mary Broadfoot Walker Christopher Boes. Eponymous Women in Neurology I. Louis-Bar Syndrome Ataxia Telangiectasia: Denise Louis-Bar Elizabeth Coon. Brain Imaging in Migraine: An Update Todd Schwedt.
Therapeutic Advances in Migraine: What Can We Expect? The Global Outbreak of a Neurotropic Virus. The Colombian experience during the outbreak of Zika virus infection Laura S. Evolving Beyond the Triad Gillian Paton. Neuromyelitis Optica and Other Autoimmune Disorders. Aquaporin-4 serostatus does not predict response to immunotherapy in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders Maureen Mealy. Aquaporin-4 antibody titration in NMO patients treated with Rituximab: Long-term safety and efficacy of responsive brain stimulation in adults with medically intractable partial onset seizures Dileep Nair.
To Reveal or Conceal? Antibodies to neuronal surface antigens in possible autoimmune encephalitis and new-onset refractory status epilepticus NORSE Takahiro Iizuka. A large observational study using mobile phone sensors reveals a personalized drug response in patients with Parkinson's Disease Larsson Omberg. Racial differences in the diagnosis of atypical parkinsonism Sneha Mantri. Worse cognitive functioning is associated with an increased risk of incident parkinsonism: Clinical-pathological discrepancies in a population based incidence cohort study on parkinsonism in Olmsted County, MN: Neuroendocrine Effects on Headache Michael Rogawski.
Why, When, and for Whom Aatif Husain. Unilateral Neglect and Anosognosia: Transverse Myelitis Benjamin Greenberg. Inflammatory and Vascular Etiologies. Vascular Myelopathies Philippe Gailloud.
Hereditary Myelopathies John Fink. Closing Remarks Benjamin Greenberg. Developing the Treatments of Tomorrow II: Clinical Trials in Neurology. Putting Palliative Care into Practice: Sensory, Autonomic, and Both II: Focus on Sensory Nervous System.
Multiple Sclerosis Daniel Harrison. Multiple Sclerosis, Dizziness, and Autoimmune Encephalopathies. Autoimmune Encephalopathies David Benavides. Margaret Dix Douglas Lanska. Eponymous Women in Neurology II. Myrtelle May Canavan Lenora Lehwald.
Gertrud Hurler Margie Ream. Frey Syndrome Gustatory Sweating: Lucja Frey Stephen Reich. A Growing Problem Amy Gelfand. Argon treatment provides short and long-term neuroprotection in a mouse model of traumatic brain injury Jennifer Creed.
Predictors of family satisfaction with support during shared decision making in neuroscience intensive care units Derek Ou. Caring for the Whole Person: Ominous EEG patterns do not preclude recovery in post-arrest patients treated with neurostimulants Alexis Steinberg.
Dimethyl fumarate treatment produces alterations in lipid metabolism that are linked to occurrence of lymphopenia Pavan Bhargava. Fitness to drive in persons with MS and cognitive impairment: Efficacy and Safety of Ozanimod: Overdiagnosis of optic neuritis. Sensory prosthetics - clinical and scientific utility of a vestibular implant Csilla Haburcakova.
Ischemic Optic Neuropathy in Cardiac Surgery: Hot Topics in Neurologic Practice: Managing the Patient Experience in and Beyond. Sleep-wake Confusion, Somnambulism, and a Lost Paradox: Parasomnia Cases for the Neurologist Michael Howell. Approaching the Management of Common Sleep Disorders: Case-based Review for the Non-sleep Specialist.
Questions and Answers Mario Mendez. Questions and Answers Timothy Lynch. Symptom Management and Rehabilitation. Stroke Rehabilitation Update Gary Abrams. Neurotechnology for Rehabilitation Karunesh Ganguly. Case 1 Valerie Biousse. Visual Loss, Optic Neuropathies, and Papilledema. Visual Loss Nancy Newman. Case 2 Valerie Biousse. Optic Neuropathies Nancy Newman. Case 3 Valerie Biousse. Case 4 Valerie Biousse. Case 5 Nancy Newman.
Pearls from the Inpatient Setting Mysteries and Surprises S. Pearls and Pitfalls Robert Pascuzzi. Diagnosis and Treatment Beau Ances. Diagnosis and Management of Autism: Controversies in Acute Stroke Steven Messe. Controversies in Stroke Therapy. Controversies in Stroke Prevention Tanya Turan. Low and High Pressure Headache: Clinical Presentation and Approach to Evaluation and Management. Case Discussions Kathleen Digre. Indications and Caveats Paul Vespa. Rasagiline for the Treatment of ALS: The Promise of Immunotherapy for Neurodegenerative Disorders: Progress and Challenges Eliezer Masliah.
Frontiers in Neuroscience Plenary Session. Epilepsy at the Cutting Edge: The Lives of a Gene: Historical perspectives on the association of trigeminal neuralgia and multiple sclerosis David Burkholder. Ebbinghaus's contributions to our understanding of human memory Bernard Patten. Where Is the Lesion Wolfgang Singer. Evaluation and Management of Autonomic Disorders I: Autonomic Testing, Failure, and Peripheral Neuropathies.
Autonomic Synucleinopathies Horacio Kaufmann. Autonomic Peripheral Neuropathies Roy Freeman. Implications for Health and Disease Phyllis Zee. Update on Diagnosis and Treatment Sabra Abbott. Spine and Peripheral Nerve. Vascular Imaging of the Spine Ashutosh Jadhav. Autoimmune Neurology I Basics and Beyond: Case 1 Nancy Newman. Optic Neuritis, Visual Fields, and Anisocoria. Management of Optic Neuritis Steven Galetta.
Case 2 Nancy Newman. Visual Fields Nancy Newman. Case 3 and Discussion Valerie Biousse. Case 5 Valerie Biousse. Case 6 Nancy Newman.
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