7 Benefits and Uses of CBD Oil (Plus Side Effects) An oral spray called Sativex, which is a combination of THC and CBD, is approved in. In June , the country's Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the prescription use of Epidiolex, a purified form of CBD oil, for. CBD oil is legal in 30 states where medicinal and/or recreational marijuana is Only one purported use for cannabidiol, to treat epilepsy, has.
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A pilot study published in Addictive Behaviors found that smokers who used inhalers containing CBD smoked fewer cigarettes than usual and had no further cravings for nicotine. A similar review, published in Neurotherapeutics found that CBD may be a promising treatment for people with opioid addiction disorders.
The researchers noted that CBD reduced some symptoms associated with substance use disorders. These included anxiety , mood-related symptoms, pain, and insomnia.
More research is necessary, but these findings suggest that CBD may help to prevent or reduce withdrawal symptoms. After researching the safety and effectiveness of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, the FDA approved the use of CBD Epidiolex as a therapy for two rare conditions characterized by epileptic seizures in The types of seizures that characterize LGS or DS are difficult to control with other types of medication.
The FDA specified that doctors could not prescribe Epidiolex for children younger than 2 years. A physician or pharmacist will determine the right dosage based on body weight. Authors of a review noted that CBD has anti-seizure properties and a low risk of side effects for people with epilepsy. Findings suggested that CBD may also treat many complications linked to epilepsy, such as neurodegeneration, neuronal injury, and psychiatric diseases.
Another study, published in Current Pharmaceutical Design, found that CBD may produce effects similar to those of certain antipsychotic drugs, and that the compound may provide a safe and effective treatment for people with schizophrenia. However, further research is necessary. Some researchers have found that CBD may prove to combat cancer. Authors of a review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology found evidence that CBD significantly helped to prevent the spread of cancer.
The researchers also noted that the compound tends to suppress the growth of cancer cells and promote their destruction. They pointed out that CBD has low levels of toxicity. They called for further research into its potential as an accompaniment to standard cancer treatments. Doctors often advise people with chronic anxiety to avoid cannabis, as THC can trigger or amplify feelings of anxiousness and paranoia. However, authors of a review from Neurotherapeutics found that CBD may help to reduce anxiety in people with certain related disorders.
According to the review, CBD may reduce anxiety-related behaviors in people with conditions such as:. The authors noted that current treatments for these disorders can lead to additional symptoms and side effects, which can cause some people to stop taking them. No further definitive evidence currently links CBD to adverse effects, and the authors called for further studies of the compound as a treatment for anxiety. Type 1 diabetes results from inflammation that occurs when the immune system attacks cells in the pancreas.
Research published in by Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation found that CBD may ease this inflammation in the pancreas. This may be the first step in finding a CBD-based treatment for type 1 diabetes. A paper presented in the same year in Lisbon, Portugal, suggested that CBD may reduce inflammation and protect against or delay the development of type 1 diabetes.
Acne treatment is another promising use for CBD. The condition is caused, in part, by inflammation and overworked sebaceous glands in the body. A study published by the Journal of Clinical Investigation found that CBD helps to lower the production of sebum that leads to acne, partly because of its anti-inflammatory effect on the body.
Sebum is an oily substance, and overproduction can cause acne. Initial research published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease found that CBD was able to prevent the development of social recognition deficit in participants.
This means that CBD could help people in the early stages of Alzheimer's to keep the ability to recognize the faces of people that they know. This is the first evidence that CBD may slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease. Cannabis is legal for either medicinal or recreational use in some American states. Other states have approved the use of CBD oil as a hemp product but not the general use of medical marijuana.
Some state and federal laws differ, and current marijuana and CBD legislation in the U. There is an ever-changing number of states that do not necessarily consider marijuana to be legal but have laws directly related to CBD oil. The following information is accurate as of May 8, , but the laws change frequently.
However, state legislators generally approve the use of CBD oil at various concentrations to treat a range of epileptic conditions.
A full list of states that have CBD-specific laws is available here. Different states also require different levels of prescription to possess and use CBD oil. In Missouri, for example, a person can use CBD of a particular composition if they can show that three other treatment options have failed to treat their epilepsy. Anyone considering CBD oil should speak with a local healthcare provider. They can provide information about safe CBD sources and local laws surrounding usage.
This is one of more than 80 active chemicals in marijuana. The new product was approved to treat seizures associated with two rare, severe forms of epilepsy in patients two years of age and older. Many small-scale studies have looked into the safety of CBD in adults. They concluded that adults tend to tolerate a wide range of doses well. Researchers have found no significant side effects on the central nervous system , the vital signs, or mood, even among people who used high dosages.
The most common side effect was tiredness. Also, some people reported diarrhea and changes in appetite or weight. Concerning the product that the FDA approved to treat two types of epilepsy, researchers noticed following adverse effects in clinical trials:. The patient information leaflet notes that there is a risk of worsening depression or suicidal thoughts. It is important to monitor anyone who is using this drug for signs of mood change.
Research suggests that a person taking the product is unlikely to form a dependency. There is often a lack of evidence regarding the safety of new or alternative treatment options. Usually, researchers have not performed the full array of tests.
Anyone who is considering using CBD should talk to a qualified healthcare practitioner beforehand. When drugs do not have FDA approval, it can be difficult to know whether a product contains a safe or effective level of CBD. Unapproved products may not have the properties or contents stated on the packaging.
She says some people start feeling effects almost immediately after rubbing it on. Others say they notice relief later in the day, and return to buy the products.
At Inday, an East Indian-inspired restaurant in Manhattan, as a promotion, customers could order CBD-infused ghee clarified butter to be added to any dish. Other baked foods, such as brownies and cookies, may have a shorter shelf life and need to be placed in a refrigerator to keep the CBD oil fresh, says Backes, an expert in cannabis science and policy.
You can also consume CBD in pill form. Similar to ingesting CBD in an edible, pills can take upward of 30 minutes or more to digest before you experience an effect, Earleywine says. One benefit though is that the per-pill CBD dose should be clearer on packaging than for other forms. And for chronic conditions such as fibromyalgia, where you might be trying to maintain consistent CBD levels in your body, pills may be an easier solution. As a dorky kid, I spent many a Saturday at the Bloomington, Ind.
Now, as a much bigger kid, that's still my job! Identifying products and services, especially in healthcare, that are safe, effective, and affordable—and highlighting those that aren't—is my top concern. Please call Member Services at Welcome to Consumer Reports. You now have access to benefits that can help you choose right, be safe and stay informed. How to Use CBD: Cannabidiol, touted for its many possible health benefits, is in pills, creams, and even salad dressings and honey.
Sharing is Nice Yes, send me a copy of this email. Send We respect your privacy. Oops, we messed up. More on Alternative Treatments. Alternative Treatments for Arthritis: What Works, What Doesn't. Vape Pens Some people get CBD by smoking the flowering parts of the hemp plant, similar to the way people may smoke marijuana in rolled cigarettes.
Tinctures Drops or Sprays Tinctures usually in oil form are taken by dropper or spray, straight into your mouth. Topical Rubs and Balms Topicals are rubbed directly onto sore muscles or joints, where they may ease pain by reducing inflammation, Earleywine says. Consumer Reports is an independent, non-profit organization dedicated to helping consumers. We make it easy to buy the right product from a variety of retailers.
Adapted with permission from Project CBD. Cannabis has been at the center of one of the most exciting developments in modern science. Research on marijuana's effects led directly to the discovery of a previously unknown biochemical communication system in the human body, the Endocannabinoid System, which plays an important role in regulating our physiology, mood, and everyday experience. There is a great deal of research—much of it sponsored by the US Government—showing that cannabis contains compounds that may help treat a range of illnesses or symptoms, generally by working on the Endocannabinoid System.
Cannabinoids and other components in cannabis can modulate many systems in the human brain and body. More than cannabinoids have been identified in the marijuana plant. Although it doesn't make people feel high like THC , CBD is causing quite a buzz among scientists, health professionals, and medical marijuana patients who are using CBD -rich products to treat a wide range of conditions—including chronic pain, cancer, Crohn's, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, PTSD , cardiovascular disease, anxiety, antibiotic-resistant infections, multiple sclerosis, schizophrenia, and more.
Academic research centers around the world are currently studying the effects of CBD on these and other ailments. Extensive preclinical research and some clinical studies have shown that CBD may have strong anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, anti-depressant, anti-psychotic, anti-tumoral, and neuroprotective qualities. They appear to work best together. CBD and THC both appear to stimulate neurogenesis, the creation of new brain cells, in adult mammals, which may prove helpful for stroke and Parkinson's patients.
Products made from industrial hemp that contains little or no THC are currently being marketed widely. But recent scientific studies suggest that CBD -only products made from hemp of synthetic CBD may be less effective therapeutically than cannabis-based medicines because they lack critical secondary cannabinoids and other medicinal compounds that interact with CBD and THC to enhance their therapeutic benefits.
The best delivery system is one that provides an optimal dose for a desired duration with few unwanted aside effects. Flower for smoking or vaping is available in many medical marijuana dispensaries, but many medical patients prefer smoke-free products made from cannabis extract.
The time of onset and duration of effect vary depending on the method of administration. CBD -rich cannabis oil products can be taken sublingually, orally as edibles or gel caps , or applied topically. Concentrated cannabis oil extracts can also be heated and inhaled with a vape pen.
Guidance on Using CBD
As more and more states legalize the use of marijuana, a product known as CBD oil has surged in popularity. A chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. A spray form is available (simply spritz under your tongue), as are capsules, Several studies have found that the use of CBD oil is helpful in. Tinctures (usually in oil form) are taken by dropper or spray, straight into your mouth. The CBD used in these forms is extracted from marijuana.