What are legal highs?Quicker ban on legal substances posing a threat to hormone replacement drugs for menopause health used for legal high inhaltsstoffe new drugs Subject to criminal law once included in the list of illegal drugs Europol to help track criminal gangs involved in manufacture and distribution. New psychoactive substances will be banned from the EU faster. Producing and selling them will be punished with similar penalties to other illicit inhaltstoffe. Europe has responded to rising concern over the use injaltsstoffe four new drugs by formally requesting a scientific investigation into the health and social risks hugh the substances. Home Office to rethink psychoactive drug policy, which has been described as 'panic legal high inhaltsstoffe then permanently ban'. Ministers are considering whether to give up on banning new psychoactive drugs known as "legal highs" and instead regulate the booming trade in the substances which are emerging on legal high inhaltsstoffe market at the rate of more than one a week.
Substanzen | omosironews.info | PPT | Pinterest | Legal highs
These exotic names are all for substances that are legal highs. Or should we say that are still legal highs?! What exactly are legal highs? Does legal also mean safe? Why is cannabis the potentially better alternative for people seeking a high? These and other questions are discussed in more detail in the following article. The media regularly reports on legal highs, whether in the form of warnings, new products to prohibit, personal experiences or changes to legislation not all of which are implemented.
The dealers, though, are already offering the next series of substances containing precisely the things that the appointed Committee of Experts first included on a watch list.
At the beginning of July , the European Court of Justice ECJ declared that legal highs are not classified as pharmaceutical products and are not prohibited provided they are not covered by the Narcotics Acts. The Federal Republic of Germany had ruled that legal highs are unsafe pharmaceutical products, but the ECJ overruled this interpretation. Trading in these drugs is therefore not punishable as the illegal sale of unsafe pharmaceutical products.
They are not used to prevent or treat disease. According to the ECJ other means are required to control these substances, but not invocation of the Narcotics Act. In January , the Federal Court of Justice announced threshold quantities for trade and consumption of legal highs. For four substances, the limits are pretty low. Bernd Werse, co-founder of the Drug Research Centre in Frankfurt and member of the Schildower Kreis, an organization of experts committed to the regulation and legalization of drugs, comments on the new ruling:.
And this makes the verdict quite special. But he also stresses that the sentence is not very spectacular, because:. Loopholes in the legislation are allowing these substances to be traded legally.
The basic chemical composition of an already banned drug only needs to be altered slightly to contain a new substance that does not fall within the Narcotics Act. Until this substance is prohibited, it is be sold as a legal high, particularly via the internet. Collective names include incense and herbal blends, synthetic cannabinoids, bath salt solutions, air fresheners, copies of amphetamines, cocaine or Ritalin, cleaning agents, research chemicals and herbal highs made from plant parts and chemicals.
They appear to be conventional herbal blends but are impregnated with synthetic cannabinoids. It could be months, perhaps even years, before these are banned. Until that time, they are available legally online, hence the name legal highs. Their chemical contents are dangerous because they have not been researched. The synthetic chemical compound JWH, contained in Spice for example, is thought to be significantly stronger.
Since the January verdict, the 2 gram limit applies for this substance. The number of newly discovered substances is constantly growing. Here is a brief explanation of the legal position, using Germany, Austria and Switzerland as examples.
In Germany, the private possession of legal highs is legal provided these are not listed under the Narcotics Act. According to the European Court of Justice as explained above, they are not defined as pharmaceutical products either. The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany is currently testing the inclusion in the Narcotics Act of new elements of an offence regarding legal highs. In Austria, individuals who buy legal highs are not criminalised.
In Switzerland, the manufacture, consumption and sale of legal highs is governed by the Narcotics Act. In December , 52 substances and 7 derivatives were included under the Narcotics Act for the first time, followed by a further 46 substances one year later. Just because the possession of a drug is legal, this does not mean that it is safe.
The short, medium and long-terms effects of many legal highs have not yet been sufficiently scientifically researched. Taking them can therefore be considered highly risky and even dangerous.
It was also reported that natural cannabis is being consumed less while the use of synthetic cannabinoids is on the rise. This tendency is explained by the legal status of the drugs: For new drugs, criminal liability and threshold quantities first need to be checked and determined, which costs time.
This leaves the manufacturers of synthetic drugs with enough time to get their products to their online customers. Researchers from the University of Freiburg have conducted some research into synthetic cannabinoids and found that in certain cases, they can cause severe symptoms of poisoning. Between and , the centre treated 48 patients who had taken synthetic cannabinoids. Some of the patients concerned presented with symptoms that are a-typical with respect to the use of cannabinoids: An online survey carried out by the Centre for Drug Research at the Goethe University in Frankfurt showed that users of legal highs and synthetic cannabinoids more frequently reported increased feelings of anxiety, headaches, nausea, palpitations, circulatory problems or failure, unconsciousness, poisoning, hallucinations and psychoses.
Synthetic cannabinoids have a stronger potential to cause addiction and are considerably more dangerous than cannabis and its natural cannabinoids.
The current body of knowledge regarding legal highs comes predominantly from individuals who have used them. Many of the new products appearing on the market are often legal initially, and some countries respond immediately by prohibiting them.
This has, however, resulted in an ongoing cycle of new, increasingly less tested synthetic products being available on the market, or online market, within days or hours of the previous products becoming prohibited.
According to a report on the website Alternative Drogenpolitik which considers alternative drugs policies, the number of psychoactive substances reported in the EU early warning system has increased constantly over the years: The substances are not prohibited, but dealing in them is, which makes them quasi legal and renders quality control virtually impossible.
The online trade is virtually impossible to control. A discussion has been going on for a long time regarding whether the phenomenon of legal highs can be counteracted by prohibiting not just individual substances, but whole groups of substances. The current practice of illegal laboratories is the alteration of the molecular structure of a prohibited substance in such a way to create a drug that is not yet prohibited — a legal high. If, however, a whole group of substances were to be prohibited at once, this could truly work against the illegal trade practised by these laboratories.
It is difficult to ban all legal highs at once, though. For one thing, the pharmaceuticals industry and the big chemical companies would object, because their products also contain substances that would belong to the prohibited groups of substances. Secondly, new synthetic drugs will also mean new groups of substances. Last but not least, the Constitutional Court would be needed to set the provisions. Business and discussions around legal highs appear to be a cat-and-mouse game.
Even from the example of these substances, it is clear what the consequences of an inconsistent, irrational, ill-thought-out drugs policy would be.
Sensi Seeds will continue to monitor the phenomenon and provide updates. You made some good points there. I did a search on the topic and found most people will agree with your blog. I agree with you, and every time they ban a legal high - a new one pops up, as usual.
More European countries should take after that. Thank you for your comment: I've never heard of legal lean, will look into it further. I agree, it does seem strange! People who use, or would like to use, cannabis for medicinal reasons often have to fight prejudices. In this article, Sensi Seeds aims to demonstrate that medicinal cannabis users are perfectly normal people with life stories to tell. Today, we introduce five cannabis patients: Read their stories for yourself.
Many small-scale growers who intend to smoke their harvest themselves already grow organic cannabis; the same can be said for most medical growers in the U. On 17 June , the German Bundesrat, the chamber of the federal states, debated the Law on the Medicinal Use of Cannabis recently presented to Parliament. In order to establish a legal basis for medicinal cannabis flowers, the law has to pass through both chambers.
Sativex and Bedrocan are now available in many European countries, and several have infrastructure in place to supply patients with medicinal cannabis. So which countries are moving with the times, and which are dragging their heels?
Where are medicinal and recreational users most and least free to utilize their drug of choice? The production, sale and export of medicinal marijuana are strictly regulated.
Despite this, patients know less about the contents and origins of their medication than recreational users. Why is this and what could be improved? Cannabinoids are naturally present in plants of the Cannabis Sativa L. We ingest them when consuming cannabis or hemp — more or less depending on what exactly is consumed, and how. The human body also produces cannabinoids, and there are many ways we are still discovering their properties, benefits, and manifestations.
Opioids are the latest plague in the US. Now that the pharmaceutical industry has created an army of addicts, the drug cartels have leaped in to fill the gap. They are flooding America with heroin and fentanyl. We wanted to find out how it was possible for this unprecedented crisis to come about, and why medicinal cannabis offers a glimmer of hope.
We keep hearing about these legal highs The media regularly reports on legal highs, whether in the form of warnings, new products to prohibit, personal experiences or changes to legislation not all of which are implemented. Spice contains of dried plant material and synthetic cannabinoids. Bernd Werse, co-founder of the Drug Research Centre in Frankfurt and member of the Schildower Kreis, an organization of experts committed to the regulation and legalization of drugs, comments on the new ruling: Legal highs — a definition Herbal Extasy, source: The current legal position with respect to legal highs Here is a brief explanation of the legal position, using Germany, Austria and Switzerland as examples.
The substance JWH can also be found in Blaze. The cannabis ban and legal highs The number of Legal Highs rises, source: Discussion concerning the prohibition of groups of substances A discussion has been going on for a long time regarding whether the phenomenon of legal highs can be counteracted by prohibiting not just individual substances, but whole groups of substances.